Nigeria census

  • Created by: maria
  • Created on: 20-03-19 18:06
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  • National Population Data Collection in Nigeria (LEDC)
    • Background
      • Located on the Western coast of Africa
        • 36 states
        • 500 different ethnic groups
        • 250 different languages
        • Largely characterised by a Muslim North and Christian South
          • Both distrust eachother which hinders collection of reliable census data
        • Declared independence from the UK on 1st October 1960
          • Growing level of affluence resulted in an emerging market economy
        • Estimated population of over 178.5 million
    • First census held in 1952/53 by British during colonial era
      • Other censuses completed 1962, 1973, 1991, 2006 all deemed unreliable
      • 1989 Nigeria set up the Independent National Population Commission (NCP). Head of the NCP separated country into 7 census areas
    • Myriad of Problems producing unreliable census data
      • First census occurred during British colonial era for tax collection, conscription to the army, gain of information
        • Indigenous Nigerians seen it as a symbol of power and domination
      • There is a delicate balance between numbers in each ethnic group and allocation of funds and parliamentary seats
        • Manipulation of data is a problem as North Muslim states aim to diminish the influence of Southern Christian states
          • Reduces credibility of census in 1952 and 1973
      • After civil war in 1967-70 census attempt in 1973 but cancelled with fear of repeated controversy
      • Parts of rural Nigeria like Nsukka province have difficult terrain/ poor transport infrastructure. Selection of population was omitted
      • Ineffective organisation and planning hampered data collection in 2006, areas missed due to insufficient no. of forms
      • Over 45,000 Nomadic people were missed out of 2006 census map, omitted from official count
      • In Northern Nigeria the enumerators are only permitted to interview the head of house, reducing reliability
      • Language barriers created comprehensive problems reducing validity and reliability
      • 65 million people are illiterate hampering administration process
      • Disagreement concerning nature of the question. Northern states opposed ethnic and religious questions and so they were removed. Obstacle for the compilation of accurate demographic data
      • Many Nigerians argue that the cost of 2018 census (N222 billion paid over 4 years) is a waste of tax payers money given levels of corruption, manipulation and ineffective administration systems within country
        • Use of GIS and satellite mapping would provide more reliable population count
    • Vital Regestration
      • Been compulsory since 1970
      • National policy only developed by NPC in 1990
      • Analysts say reliability is influenced by remoteness, incompleteness and inaccuracy


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