Coal Community (urban decline) - Newcastle Case Study

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  • Newcastle (CBD)
    • Wool/Coal mining industry
      • Heavy engineering- city was power house.
    • Deindustrilisation Closure of money hub (mine) following overseas competition
      • 1.6 million jobs lost altogether in the manufacturing sector.
      • Population losses
      • Ghettoes
      • Low moral and self esteem
      • Environment decline
  • Innovations included the safety lamps/ Stephens rocket
    • These encouraged the growth of Newcastle
      • Urbanisation and Suburbanisation occurred.
        • Wealthy tended to migrate to the north, away from the heavy engineering.


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