New Religious Movements Spider Diagram

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  • New Religious Movements
    • Who are Attracted?
      • Theological reasons as to why people join
        • People begin to challenge traditional beliefs e.g. Mormons believe in different levels of Heaven
      • -Young Profs
      • Ethnic Minorities
      • People who are deprived socially, physically and financially
      • The poor as often NRMs offer stability
      • Young and naiive
      • Women, traditional religions such as Catholicism are male dominated and NRMs offer freedom
    • Account for the rise of NRMs
      • Relaxation of immigration laws and boarder control
      • Individuals going through times of trouble for example a divorce or death in the family
      • Society feeling economic, or social pressure e.g. war, recession or the invention of the pill for example (up-rise of women in society)
      • Relative deprivation theory- Fill a void in peoples' lives whether they are deprived socially, physically or financially
      • Immigration  has caused people from different ethnic backgrounds to enter the country. These people often are discriminated against and turn to NRMs for support
      • Failure of traditional religion
      • Offer hidden truths/ ability to have a better life in the future
      • Instant friendship and inclusion with people who share the same norms, values and beliefs
      • Cognitive  dissodance
    • Sociological reasons as to why people join (see account for the rise)
      • Who are Attracted?
        • Theological reasons as to why people join
          • People begin to challenge traditional beliefs e.g. Mormons believe in different levels of Heaven
        • -Young Profs
        • Ethnic Minorities
        • People who are deprived socially, physically and financially
        • The poor as often NRMs offer stability
        • Young and naiive
        • Women, traditional religions such as Catholicism are male dominated and NRMs offer freedom
      • Change within society e.g. the introduction of the pill
      • Recession/ war
    • NRMs have lost their appeal in the 21st Century
      • Decline in the interest of traditional religions such as Christianity e.g. people who call themselves Christian has fallen from 72% to 59% in the UK
      • Many NRMs are short lived
      • They often have negative press in wider soicety e.g. Jonestown massacre
      • Have very small number of members compared to traditional relgions
      • People are becoming less religious and tend to believe in science due to education
    • Main Characteristics
      • Sects
        • Small group, often hostile to the outside world = World rejecting
        • Often has a charismatic leader that has power over its members e.g. Jim Jones
        • No professional  hierachy
        • Exclusive terms of membership and doesn't offer automatic recruitment
        • Opposed to the state/ wider community. It  requires total commitment from its memebrs
      • Cults
        • A spiritual organisation that emphasises individualism
        • Exert no or little control
        • World affirming/ accomodating
        • Tend to be short lived and have limited formal contact between members
        • Make no claim to monopoly of religious  truths
      • Often based on millenarianism
      • Sometimes a response to a  crisis
      • A reaction to aspects or religion or values of wider society
      • Very strict teachings, sometimes callled 'brainwashing'
      • World rejecting, affirming or accomodating
      • Breakaway group
  • Improved  communication through the media and newspapers
    • Account for the rise of NRMs
      • Relaxation of immigration laws and boarder control
      • Individuals going through times of trouble for example a divorce or death in the family
      • Society feeling economic, or social pressure e.g. war, recession or the invention of the pill for example (up-rise of women in society)
      • Relative deprivation theory- Fill a void in peoples' lives whether they are deprived socially, physically or financially
      • Immigration  has caused people from different ethnic backgrounds to enter the country. These people often are discriminated against and turn to NRMs for support
      • Failure of traditional religion
      • Offer hidden truths/ ability to have a better life in the future
      • Instant friendship and inclusion with people who share the same norms, values and beliefs
      • Cognitive  dissodance
  • Middle class, money can buy hidden truths and are often more religious
    • Answers  peoples questions and gives answers
      • NRMs claim a monopoly of religious truths
        • Change within society e.g. the introduction of the pill
        • Deprived- socially/ financially
          • Sociological reasons as to why people join (see account for the rise)
            • Recession/ war
        • Social upheaval
          • Charismatic leader
            • Main Characteristics
              • Sects
                • Small group, often hostile to the outside world = World rejecting
                • Often has a charismatic leader that has power over its members e.g. Jim Jones
                • No professional  hierachy
                • Exclusive terms of membership and doesn't offer automatic recruitment
                • Opposed to the state/ wider community. It  requires total commitment from its memebrs
              • Cults
                • A spiritual organisation that emphasises individualism
                • Exert no or little control
                • World affirming/ accomodating
                • Tend to be short lived and have limited formal contact between members
                • Make no claim to monopoly of religious  truths
              • Often based on millenarianism
              • Sometimes a response to a  crisis
              • A reaction to aspects or religion or values of wider society
              • Very strict teachings, sometimes callled 'brainwashing'
              • World rejecting, affirming or accomodating
              • Breakaway group
            • They often have negative press in wider soicety e.g. Jonestown massacre

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