Was the New Deal a turning point for trade union and labour rights?

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  • New Deal from 1933 - High point for trade unions, focusing on skilled and unskilled workers Federal and state got more support for worker rights
    • 1932 - Norris LaGuardia Act: Banned Yellow Dog
    • 1933 - NIRA and NRA
      • 'National Industry Recovery Act' whicg developed production levels, increased wages and decreased working hours. By 1934 - 557 codes had been agreed by employers covering 23m workers. However, it was resisted by employers like Ford and the SC declared in unconsitutional in 1935.
      • The goal was to eliminate "cut-throat competition" by bringing industry, labor and government together to create codes of "fair practices" and set prices. The NRA was created by the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) and allowed industries to get together and write "codes of fair competition."
    • 1935 - Wagner Act (Supportive Congress, president and in 1937 supreme court)
      • The Wagner Act aimed at regulating and decreasing labour despites which would limit strikes by trade unions. Roosevelt was cautious about giving unions power.
    • 1935 - Formation CIO (Unskilled workers)
      • Formed by John Lewis. The Congress of Industrial Organisations used sitin strikes which made car manufacturers recognise the rigght to join a trade union.
    • 1937 - General Motors recognised United Auto Workers
    • 1938 - Fair Labour Standards Act
      • The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (abbreviated as FLSA; also referred to as the Wages and Hours Bill) is a federal statute of the United States. The FLSA introduced a maximum 44-hour seven-day workweek, established a national minimum wage, guaranteed "time-and-a-half" for overtime in certain jobs, and prohibited most employment of minors in "oppressive child labor", a term that is defined in the statute.
    • 1935 - NRA declared unconstitutional in 1935
    • 1937: CIO breaks away from AFL: Disunity

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