New Age Movements

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  • New Age Movements
    • Ideas that gained popularity around the 1980's
    • These are not closely attached to organisations
    • Heelas
      • two common themes that characterise the NAM's
        • Detraditionalisation
          • Reject the authority of external forces instead values self
        • Self-Spirituality
          • Turned away from traditional to find spirituality within themselves
      • Suggests these are self-religions
        • they talk about self-improvement
          • and give this a spiritual connection
      • Self-Spirituality
        • Salvation comes from discovering and perfecting yourself
    • New Science
      • Accepts things without scientific proof
      • Bruce
        • They're opposed to 'closed mindedness' authoritarianism of science
        • Symptom of decline of traditional religion
        • People have little faith in science and even less in religion
      • Tends to see myths/shamanism as superior ways of understanding the world/life
    • New Ecology
      • Claims the planet is an organism
      • Links personal problems to environment
      • All aspects of the environment are linked
      • Living at peace with the environment is the main idea
    • New psychology/spirituality
      • The world is an animate object
      • Reject science
      • Focus on self and spirit
      • Heelas
        • two common themes that characterise the NAM's
          • Detraditionalisation
            • Reject the authority of external forces instead values self
          • Self-Spirituality
            • Turned away from traditional to find spirituality within themselves
        • Suggests these are self-religions
          • they talk about self-improvement
            • and give this a spiritual connection
        • Self-Spirituality
          • Salvation comes from discovering and perfecting yourself
  • Appeal of NAM's
    • Bruce
      • Appeals to m/c in expressive professions
        • They have to articulate an interest in human potential
      • Attract females bc of status given
      • Belief is based on extreme relativism of knowledge
        • What you believe is based on your subjective point of view
    • Drane
      • People have lost faith in meta-narratives and turn to NAMs
  • Evaluation
    • Bruce
      • Sees spiritual shopping of NAMs as typical of late modern society not post-modern reflecting the consumerist ethos of capitalist society
      • Modern society values individualism which I essential to NAMs
      • NAM's are just Eastern religions but diluted to appeal to self-centred westerners
    • Heelas
      • Links NAMs and modernity
        • A source of authentic identity.
        • Consumer culture. NAMs offer a new way of achieving perfection
        • Rapid social change creates anomie. NAMs provide truth
        • Decline of organised religion.

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