NeoMarxists

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  • Created by: vikki3092
  • Created on: 04-11-15 13:58
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  • Engels
    • NeoMarxist
      • Gramsci
        • Rejected the traditional Marxist view that superstructure was dependant on the economic infrastructure and therefore functioned solely to transmit ruling class ideology.
        • Working Class Intellectuals a those who due to their education and class consciousness help organise resistance
        • Accepted that religion could and often was used as a tool of ideological oppression but also suggested that religion did not always have to play such role
      • Maduro
        • Ruling capitalist class sometimes blocked all conventional avenues for social change using through repressive agencies of force.
          • Eg. Liberation Theology Movement in South America
      • Mcguire
        • Religion could bring about social change
          • Engels
            • NeoMarxist
              • Gramsci
                • Rejected the traditional Marxist view that superstructure was dependant on the economic infrastructure and therefore functioned solely to transmit ruling class ideology.
                • Working Class Intellectuals a those who due to their education and class consciousness help organise resistance
                • Accepted that religion could and often was used as a tool of ideological oppression but also suggested that religion did not always have to play such role
              • Maduro
                • Ruling capitalist class sometimes blocked all conventional avenues for social change using through repressive agencies of force.
                  • Eg. Liberation Theology Movement in South America
              • Mcguire
                • Religion could bring about social change
                  • Religions that teach strong moral codes are likely to produce followers critical of society and that wish to change it
                  • Societies where religion is central to the culture, tend to use religious reasons for their action
                  • Religion can affect social change if there is a place of worship in every village
                  • If the religion is central to the society/culture and the state is acting against it religious people can rise up
            • Ideology could be a powerful force in convincing people that there was little they could do to change their situation.
            • Few rulers have attempted to prevent mass participation in religion.
            • Religious leaders are more likely to recognise exploitation, oppression and inequality because of their religious education.
              • Religious leaders are not so easily repressed - they may occupy a 'special' or sacred place in their societies which means they are not so easily targeted for assassination and imprisonment.
          • Religions that teach strong moral codes are likely to produce followers critical of society and that wish to change it
          • Societies where religion is central to the culture, tend to use religious reasons for their action
          • Religion can affect social change if there is a place of worship in every village
          • If the religion is central to the society/culture and the state is acting against it religious people can rise up
    • Ideology could be a powerful force in convincing people that there was little they could do to change their situation.
    • Few rulers have attempted to prevent mass participation in religion.
    • Religious leaders are more likely to recognise exploitation, oppression and inequality because of their religious education.
      • Religious leaders are not so easily repressed - they may occupy a 'special' or sacred place in their societies which means they are not so easily targeted for assassination and imprisonment.

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