Nazi Violence

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  • Nazi Violence
    • Terror
      • Ebbed and flowed - political circumstances
      • Calm and control - violence on a leash
      • Bursts of extreme violence
      • Daily basis - atmosphere of terror
      • Dependent on public cooperation -spies
    • The **
      • Founded 1925
      • Security service under Heydrich - Aug 1931
      • July 1934 - ** control of concentration camps
      • June 1936 - merge iwth police
      • Methodical organisation - disciplined, fit and well educated
      • Himmler leader 1929
      • Night of Long Knives - purge of SA 1934 June
    • Concentration Camps
      • Dauchau first in March 1933
      • Political prisoners - socialists, communists
      • 'Asocials' and 'social deviants'
      • Not Jews until after Kristallnacht
      • ** took over after Night of Long Knives
      • Eiche - command
      • Germans aware of them - but not a lot of insight
    • Jewish Boycott 1933
      • To satisfy rank and file violent activists and not anger Conservative
      • Retaliation against Jewish interests - Jewish boycott of German goods abroad
      • Big public impact
    • Kristallnacht 1938
      • Reactions to killing of Von Rath by a young Polish Jew
        • Hierarchy concerned about public violence running out of control
      • Those involved mainly non-uniformed SA and **
        • Majority of public horrified
      • Goebbels - organised it and fanned the flames through the press
      • Thousands injured and arrested, synagogues burnt, looting - Jews fined 1mil marks

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