NAZI RISE TO POWER

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  • Created by: Reema
  • Created on: 02-04-14 16:51
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  • NAZI RISE TO POWER
    • PROBLEMS
      • STAB IN THE BACK
        • THOUGHT WINNING WAR
          • KAISER HID BAD NEWS
        • BLAMMED NEW GOVERMENT FOR WAR LOSS
      • TREATY OF VERSAILLES
        • L
          • 13% LAND LOST
            • IMPORTANT RAW MATERAILS
          • OVERSEE COLONIES TAKEN AWAY
          • NO RHINELAND = FRENCH SAFE
        • A
          • 100,000
          • NAVY = 15,00 SAILORS + 6 BATTLESHIPS
        • B
          • WAR GUILT CLAUSE
            • COUNTRIES DEMAND COMPENSATION
        • M
          • 1921 - £6600
            • MOST : FRANCE + BELGIUM
      • VIOLANCE
        • SPARTCIST RISING 1919
          • COMMUNISTS - ROSA LUXEMBURG + KALR LIEBKNECT
            • EBERT = NOT IMPROVE LIVES OF WORKING PEOPLE
          • TOOK OVER GOVERMENTS NEWSPAPER + TELEGRAPH HEADQUATERS
          • ARMY STOPPED UPRISING = FAILURE + 100 DEAD
        • RED RISING IN RUHR 1920
          • COMMUNIST PARTY
          • BAD PAY + BAD WORKING CONDITIONS
          • RED ARMY = 50,00 TAKE OVER RUHR
            • 1000 KILLED
            • DIDNT WORK -> WEAK LEADERSHIP
            • NEXT FEW YEARS = STIRKES BUT NO THREAT
        • KAPP PUTSCH 1920
          • WOLFGANG KAPP
          • FREIKORPS DISBANDED = ANGYR
            • 12,000 ATTACK BERLIN
              • GOVERMENT FLEE + KAPP NEW LEADER
              • LITTLE SUPPORT = WORKERS ON STRIKE
              • 4 DAYS -> EBERTS GOVERMENT RETURNS
        • MUNICH PUTSCH 1923
          • NAZI PARTY
            • DEMOCRACY = WEAK GOVERMENT
            • ONE POLITICAL PARTY + ONE LEADER
          • 55,000 MEMBERS
          • PRIVATE ARMY
            • SA
          • TAKE OVER GOVERMENT + GENERAL LUDENDORFF = LEADER
            • FORCE KALH =PROMISE
              • WITHDREW PROMISE + FIGHTING = 14 NAZI DEATHS + LEADERS = ARRESTED + HITLER = PRISON
      • INVASION OF RUHR
        • 1922 = GERMANY COULDNT PY BACK REPARATIONS
          • 1923 = 60,000 FRENCH + BELGIUM TAKE OVER RUHR
            • TOOK SUPPLIES
            • GERMANS ON STRIKE
              • 140 KILLED
              • GOVERMENT GIVE MONEY + NO MONEY COMING IN FROM RUHR= GOVERMENT SHORT ON MONEY
      • HYPER-INFLATION
        • PRINT MORE MONEY + PAY WORKER + DEBTS
          • MORE PRINTED = LESS WORTH
            • PRICES RISE
              • NOV 1923 = GERMAN MARK WORTHLESS
    • STRESSMANN'S SOLUTIONS
      • NEW CURRENCY
        • RENTENMARK
        • ONE RENTENMARK = 1000 BILLION MARKS
        • OLD NOTES
          • RECALLED +BURNED
        • QUICKLY ACCEPTED = INFLATION BOUGHT UNDER CONTROL
        • PEOPLE LOST SAVINGS = NOT COMPENSATED
          • FELT CHEATED
          • BLAMED WEIMAR REPUBLIC
      • PERSUADE FRENCH LEAVE RUHR
        • NO MORE PASSIVE RESISTANCE AS DIDN'T WORK = CREATED ECONOMIC ISSUES
          • FRENCH LEAVE
        • UNPOPULAR MOVE = LOT OF OPPOSITION
          • SIGN OF WEAKNESS
          • GIVEN IN TO FRENCH
      • IMPROVE GERMANYS RELATIONSHIP
        • CO-OPERATE WITH COUNTIRES
          • TREATY OF VERSAILES
            • RECLAIM LAND LOST
            • CHANGE TERMS
        • 1925 - LOCARNO PACT
          • FRANCE + BRITAIN + BELGIUM + ITALY
            • PROMISE NO INVASIONS ON EACH OTHER
        • 1926 - GERMANY JOIN LEAGUE OF NATIONS
          • GREAT POWER STATUS
            • SAY IN BIG DECISIONS
        • GENERALS
          • "BUILD ARMY INSTEAD"
          • REGAIN LAND LOST BY TREATY BY FORCE
      • CONTINUE PAY REPARATIONS
        • 1924 - DAWES PLAN
          • LONGER PERIOD TO PAY ALLIES
          • DIDN'T REDUCE AMOUNT TO PAY
          • "DAWES PLAN = SECOND VERSAILLES"
        • 1929 - YOUNG PLAN
          • LOWERED MONEY AMOUNT
            • 132,00 MILLION MARKS -> 37,000 MILLION
          • PAYING STILL HATED BY GERMANS
          • PAYING TILL1988
      • HELP REBUILD ECONOMY
        • BIG LOANDS FROM USA - PART OF DAWES PLAN
          • VERY DEPENDENT N USA ECONOMY
            • IF PROBLEMS IN USA= BIG EFFECT ON GERMANY
        • MONEY = IMPROVE SCHOOLS , HOUSING , HOSPITALS AND ROADS
        • SOME PENSIONS AND WAGES ROSE
          • NOT FOR EVERYONE
            • FARMERS LOST OUT
              • FOOD PRICES = LOW
              • 1929 FARMERS = HALF NATIONAL AVERAGE WAGE
              • ANGRY
                • JOIN EXTREME GROUPS
                  • NAZIS OFFERED TO HELP
            • UNEMPLOYMENT > 1 MILLION
              • 1928 = RISE
            • RICH PEOPLE PAY HIGHER TAXES
              • COMPLAINED
                • DIDNT LIKE GOVERMENT SPENDING MONEY ON POOR AND UNEMPLOYED
    • 1928 - ACHIEVE LITTLE
      • LACKED SUPPORT FROM WORKING CLASS
        • MOST VOTED FOR SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY
        • WORKERS WANTED SEE CHNAGE
          • VOTE COMMUNISTS INSTEAD
      • LESS THAN 3% VOTED FOR NAZIS
      • 1924 - 1929 = TIME OF PEACE
        • STRESSMANN SOLVED MANY ECONOMIC PROBLEMS
          • PEOPLE PLEASED & DONT WANT BAD CHANGES
            • POLITICAL VIOLANCE DECREASED
        • STRESSMANN BUILT BETTER RELATIONSHIPS WITH OTHER COUNTRIES
          • PEOPLE PLEASED & DONT WANT BAD CHANGES
            • POLITICAL VIOLANCE DECREASED
      • NAZI IDEAS TOO EXTREME
        • VIOLENT
        • PUT OFF BY
          • ANTI-SEMITIC VIEWS
          • AIM OF INVADING OTHER COUNTRIES
      • MUNICH PUTSCH FAILED INVASION
        • NO AUTHORITY
        • VIOLANT
          • NOT FIT FOR THE JOB
            • NO AUTHORITY
            • NOT ORGANISED
        • NOT ORGANISED
    • 1933 - BECOME CHANCELLOR
      • 1929-WALL STREET CRASH
        • PEOPLE LOST CONFIDENCE
          • DON'T INVEST IN USA  COMPANIES + BANKS
          • BUSINESSES LOSE LARGER SUMS MONEY
        • USA RECALLS MONEY FROM LOANS
          • GERMANY DEPENDENT ON US LOANS
            • DEMANDS FOR GERMAN GOODS DROPS
            • GERMANS FIRMS GO BANKRUPT
              • DEMANDS FOR GERMAN GOODS DROPS
              • UNEMPLOYMENT RISES + MILLIONS LOSE THEIR JOBS
                • MANY GERAMNS FORCED TO LIVE IN POVERTY = LESS MONEY SPEND ON GOODS
                  • GREAT DEPRESSION
                    • MANY GERAMNS FORCED TO LIVE IN POVERTY = LESS MONEY SPEND ON GOODS
                      • EFFECTS
                        • PEOPLE STRUGGLING
                          • BUSINESSES
                            • BANKRUPT
                            • PROFITS DROP
                            • FARMERS
                          • 1932 - UNEMPLOYMENT = 6 MILLION
                        • WEIMAR LOOKED WEAK
                          • COULDN'T AGREE WHAT TO DO
                          • LESS JOBS = LESS GODS BOUGHT = LESS TAXES MONEY
                          • DID NOTHING
                            • DIDNT HELP POOR
                              • THOUGHT WOULD LEAD TO HYPER-INFLATION AGAIN
                          • WHEN ACTED = CUT BACK ON MONEY SPENT
                            • UNPOPULAR
                        • INCREASE SUPPORT FOR EXTREME PARTIES
                          • BLAMED DEMOCRATIC WAY WEIMAR GOVERNED
                            • INCREASE IN NAZI SUPPORT
                  • GREAT DEPRESSION
                    • EFFECTS
                      • PEOPLE STRUGGLING
                        • BUSINESSES
                          • BANKRUPT
                          • PROFITS DROP
                          • FARMERS
                        • 1932 - UNEMPLOYMENT = 6 MILLION
                      • WEIMAR LOOKED WEAK
                        • COULDN'T AGREE WHAT TO DO
                        • LESS JOBS = LESS GODS BOUGHT = LESS TAXES MONEY
                        • DID NOTHING
                          • DIDNT HELP POOR
                            • THOUGHT WOULD LEAD TO HYPER-INFLATION AGAIN
                        • WHEN ACTED = CUT BACK ON MONEY SPENT
                          • UNPOPULAR
                      • INCREASE SUPPORT FOR EXTREME PARTIES
                        • BLAMED DEMOCRATIC WAY WEIMAR GOVERNED
                          • INCREASE IN NAZI SUPPORT
          • OWN ACTIONS
            • LEADERSHIP SKILLS
              • PEOPLE BELIEVED
                • HE ALONE = SAVE PROBLEMS GERMANY FACING
                • CHARISMATIC
                • POWERFUL PUBLIC SPEAKER
                • STRONG LEADER
              • AUDIENCE
                • HE IDENTIFIED WITH THEM
                • GIVES HOPE
                • RELATE TO HIM
                • UNDERSTANDS THEM
            • ORGANISATION
              • Untitled
            • PROMISES
              • SOLVE ECONOMIC PROBLEMS
              • PROVIDE STRONG LEADER
              • IGNORE TREATY OF VERSAILLES
              • BUILD UP ARMY
              • GERMANY = GREAT COUNTRY AGAIN
              • FLEXIBLE
                • POLICY NOT LIKED = DROP IT
            • APPEALED TO EVERYONE
              • BUISNESSMEN
              • FARMERS
              • FACTORY WORKERS
              • HOUSEWIVES
      • WOLFGANG KAPP
      • NO MORE PASSIVE RESISTANCE AS DIDN'T WORK = CREATED ECONOMIC ISSUES
        • FRENCH LEAVE

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