Nazi Methods of Control

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  • Nazi Methods of Control
    • Propaganda
      • Blamed Jews and Communists for Germany's problems
      • Took over Media
        • Controlled radio broadcasts
        • Used films and posters to spread messages
        • All writers, artists and journalists had to get their work aprroved
          • By Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda (f.1933), led by Joseph Goebbels
      • Organised huge rallies of party members to present an image of power and popularity
        • Used 1936 Berlin Olympics as international publicity
    • Censorship
      • Censored books, newspapers and other material
        • Those publishing anti-Nazi material risked execution
        • To encourage nationalism and anti- Semitism
          • Praised German composers eg Wagner
          • Banned work of Jewish composers eg Mendelssohn
    • Germany became a Police State
      • SS (Schutzstaffel) began as Hitler's bodyguard
        • expanded under leadership of Himmler in 1930s
          • Members totally loyal to Hitler and feared for their cruelty
          • Also in charge of Gestapo (secret police)
      • After 1933, Concentration camps spread across Germany and later became death camps
        • Could now hold political prisoners and anybody dangerous to Nazis
      • Local Wardens employed to ensure Germans loyal to Nazis
        • People encouraged to report disloyalty and many arrested by Gestapo
    • Views on the church
      • Teaching of peace incompatible with Nazi ideas
        • But Nazis didn't want to risk an immediate attack on it
      • Hitler signed an agreement with Catholic Church 1933
        • Promised not to interfere with one another
          • However, Nazis tried to curb influence of church
          • Some Catholic protests against Nazi policies
      • Hitler to unite Protestant Churches into one Reich Church
        • Nazi Bishop Ludwig Müller at head
        • Some church members split off in protest
          • Formed the confessing church
      • Many clergy who stood up against Nazi regime sent to concentration camps


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