Nature Vs. Nurture AO3

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  • Nature Vs. Nurture - AO3
    • Confounding factor of      un-shared environments
      • Research tries to tease out the influence of  the environment is complicated.
      • Even siblings raised in the same family will not have the same upbringing
        • Shared and un-shared environments
      • Dunn and Plomin (1990) suggest that individual differences mean that siblings may experience life events differently
    • Evidence for the gene-environment interaction
      • Scarr and McCartney (1983) outlined three types of gene-environment interaction
        • Evocative
        • Passive
        • Active
        • Each of these types the form of interaction is different
    • Understanding the interaction may have real-world implications
      • Extreme belief  of  nature/nurture may have negative implications for the way we view human behaviour
      • Nativists suggest 'anatomy is destiny'
      • Controversial, in the attempt to link ethicity, genetics and intelligence and the application of eugenics policies
        • May lead one to advocate a model of society that controls and manipulates its citizens
    • Idea that pre-operational children are unable to understand class inclusion is also questioned by subsequent findings
      • Strong commitment to nature/nurture position = hard determinism
      • Nativist = 'anatomy is destiny'
      • Empiricists = interaction with the environment is all
    • Gene-environment interaction can be elaborated by constructivism
      • People create their own nurture by actively selecting environments that are appropriate for their nature.
        • Constructivism
      • A naturally aggressive child is likely to feel comfortable around children who show similar behaviours
        • The environment then affects their development
        • Plomin (1994) refers to this as niche-picking and niche-building
    • Strength
    • Limitation


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