Natural Law

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  • Created by: Emma
  • Created on: 23-03-14 15:37
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  • Natural Moral Law
    • Roots
      • Aristotle
        • Nichomachean Ethics
          • Natural = that which everywhere is equally valid
      • St Paul
        • Law 'written in hearts' of Gentiles
      • Stoics
        • Importance of Logos
          • (Rationality which governs the world)
        • Natural law is law of right reason
      • Cicero
        • 'True law is right reason in agreement with nature'
    • ABSOLUTIST
    • DEONTOLOGICAL
      • Focused on the ethicacy of actions
      • Teleological aspect
        • Natural Law assists humans to direct their actions to reach their eternal destiny with God
    • St Thomas Aquinas
      • Summa Theologica
        • Natural law is a moral code existing within the purpose of nature created by God
      • 'Good is to be done and pursued and evil is to be avoided. All the other precepts of the law of nature are based on this...'
        • Primary Precepts developed
          • Self-Preservation and Preservation of the Innocent
            • All other primary precepts exist to ensure this goal
              • Educate Children
              • Live In Society
              • Worship God
              • Continuation of the Species through Reproduction
          • These do not change.
            • 'Natural law is the same for all men... there is a single standard of truth and right for everyone... whcih is known by everyone.'
          • Secondary Precepts
            • Ruling things that we should or shouldn't do because they uphold, or fail to uphold the primary precept(s)
            • Deduced from primary precepts
              • Do not murder
              • Do not abort unborn
              • Defend the Defenceless
              • Do not commit suicide
      • Aquinas deduced that, fundamentally, humans should do good and avoid evil
    • Reason
      • Eternal law of divine reason is perceived through revelation
        • Word of God in Bible
        • Human reason
      • A moral life is one lived according to and in accordance with reason
        • Aquinas deduced that, fundamentally, humans should do good and avoid evil
      • Reason identifies cardinal virtues
        • Prudence
        • Temperance
        • Fortitude
        • Justice
        • Scripture reveals theological virtues
          • Faith
          • Hope
          • Charity
          • To obey natural law, individuals should develop these virtues - they should become habitual
            • Reason identifies cardinal virtues
              • Prudence
              • Temperance
              • Fortitude
              • Justice
              • Scripture reveals theological virtues
                • Faith
                • Hope
                • Charity
                • To obey natural law, individuals should develop these virtues - they should become habitual
      • Real and Apparent Goods
        • Aquinas - Human nature is essentially good as natural law is within everyone
          • St Thomas Aquinas
            • Summa Theologica
              • Natural law is a moral code existing within the purpose of nature created by God
            • 'Good is to be done and pursued and evil is to be avoided. All the other precepts of the law of nature are based on this...'
              • Primary Precepts developed
                • Self-Preservation and Preservation of the Innocent
                  • All other primary precepts exist to ensure this goal
                    • Educate Children
                    • Live In Society
                    • Worship God
                    • Continuation of the Species through Reproduction
                • These do not change.
                  • 'Natural law is the same for all men... there is a single standard of truth and right for everyone... whcih is known by everyone.'
                • Secondary Precepts
                  • Ruling things that we should or shouldn't do because they uphold, or fail to uphold the primary precept(s)
                  • Deduced from primary precepts
                    • Do not murder
                    • Do not abort unborn
                    • Defend the Defenceless
                    • Do not commit suicide
          • Humans naturally orientated towards achievement of perfection and could never knowingly pursue evil
            • 'No evil can be desiravle... It is sought indirectly...'
            • Sin is falling short of God's intention for humans
        • To choose an apparent good is an error, it isn't really good for us
          • eg adulterer - believes it is good but this is an error of reason as adultery prevents humans from drawing close to what God intended
      • Exterior and Interior Acts
        • Actions are intrinsically good or bad
          • When humans act in accordance with their ultimate purpose, God is glorified
        • Intentions must be good for action to be truly good
          • Good intentions don't always lead to good actions

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