natural law

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  • Created by: Katy
  • Created on: 13-04-14 21:31
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  • Natural law
    • Aristotle
      • originally founded by Aristotle
      • distinguished between the efficient cause and the final cause
      • efficient cause=gets things done eg in terms childs growth food an drink
      • final cause= end product eg in terms of child growth growing into an adult
      • if we know the final cause then we know how to achieve it
      • purpose of humans= eudimonia  (happiness)
      • idea of good is a happy society where individuals and groups work for their own good in relation to everybody else
      • brings order in a state of flux
      • teleological things move in a way to get an end product
    • Aquinas
      • god is a creator
      • changeless and consistent
      • deontological considers a moral act itself not the consequences
      • everything has a proper end
      • humans given freedom and reason
      • we can choose whether to follow our proper end or not
      • primary precepts; preservation of life, live in society, worship god, education and repoduction
      • allows secondary precepts to go about getting eudimonia in your own way
      • doctrine of double effect if a good action has bad consequences
    • simple and clear approach
    • the primary precepts are common to all societies
    • it allows humans to use reason to work out how to live
    • secondary precepts allow flexibility
    • sees human nature as fixed and that isnt the case
    • doesnt take account of the fall instead has an optimistic view of society
    • doesnt cope with indivudual problems as it is interpreted too rigidly


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