Natural Law

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  • Natural Moral Law
    • Absolute
      • Moral command that is true for everyone, all the time in all situations
    • Relativist
      • Subjective - moral rules are expressions of culture
    • Deontological
      • Actions are right/wrong regardless of the consequences
    • Aristotle
      • Natural justice is absolute, regardless of laws
      • Supreme good for humans is eudemonia
        • Strive for perfection to be like God
    • Aquinas alternative
      • Believed God represented the goal that all humans should strive to attain
      • "God is good" is a tautology
      • Sin is falling short of the good
        • Seek apparent good instead of real good
          • Interior: why you do it - reasoned but never willed
          • Exterior: what you do - reasoned and willed to happen
    • Criticisms
      • Can't relate complex decisions to basic principles
      • Based on assumptions about the world - questioned by science
      • People have changable natures so NML is too complex (Neilsen)
      • Relies too much on reason (Berth)
      • Basic living principles are common in all cultures - reasonable
      • All morally good things require happiness
      • Establishes moral rules
  • Seek apparent good instead of real good
    • Interior: why you do it - reasoned but never willed
    • Exterior: what you do - reasoned and willed to happen

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