Natural histories

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  • Created by: elzy
  • Created on: 15-05-14 21:49
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  • Natural histories
    • 'The Order of Things', Foucault: 18th C episteme obsessed with CLASSIFYING
      • As opposed to 19th C episteme obsessed with HIDDEN DEPTHS.
    • Discipline: distinction between philosophical vs descriptive approach (e.g. Linnaeus insisted concerned with ESSENTIAL NATURE, not just describing.
      • Became more centralised: Linnaeus controlled GLOBAL network.
      • Authority not restricted: wide range of activities
    • Setting 1: Pharmacopeia: PLANT BASED, uni apothecaries and physic gardens.
      • Gardenfashiobale, idyllic, paradise.
    • Setting 2: Cabinets of curiosities: cult of collecting. Anyone could do, monsters.
    • Social: Entertainment, recreation.Visitor's book --> part of collection itself
    • Medical and religious: God has provided for us, medical uses revealed POWER of creator
    • Habermas, 'Rise of the public sphere': literacy, public discussion, debate
      • eg debate about plant sexuality
    • Institutional bases: by late 18th C, dozens of academies (metropolitan and provincial).
    • Cameralism: eg Linnaeus helped centralisation of mining and forestry colleges --> agricultural improvement and NATIONAL PROSPERITY


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