Tectonic Hazards: Case Study 

  • Created by: emilyya
  • Created on: 16-07-18 13:29
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  • Kobe, Japan
    • Tectonic Hazards: Case Study
      • Port Au Prince, Haiti
        • Location: Haiti is located in the Caribbean sea, south of the Tropic of Cancer in North America. It is across the Caribbean plate and the Hispaniola plate at the top of the country. The Caribbean plate is close to margin with the North American plate
        • 12th January 2010
        • Low Income Country
    • Location: Kobe is located on Osaka Bay in central Japan, east of China and north to the equator and the Tropic of Cancer. It is on the Eurasian continental plate in the south of Japan which is close to the deconstructive plate margin.
    • Magnitude measured 7.2
    • The epicentre is 15km away.
    • There was an unknown subterranean fault line under the city.
    • 17th January 1995
    • High Income Country
  • Impacts
    • Social
      • 5000 died
      • 300,000 left homeless
      • 102,000 homes destroyed
      • 4900 victims died (9/10) from traditional house deaths
    • Economic
      • £100billion damage to infrastructure
      • Roads were damaged and ruined which had an impact on the transport system
      • The damaged docks meant trade with foreign countries was jeopardised
      • Water, gas and electricity mains damaged.
    • Environmental
      • An earthquake at such a high magnitude would've been difficult to predict.
      • Subsidence near the port
      • Firemen had to use sea water to put out the fires
      • Liquidification of reclaimed land.
        • Incorrect design methods
  • Responses
    • Short Term
      • Firemen put out all fires
      • Survivors and emergency services rescued those who were trapped
      • Sea water was collected to stop fires.
    • Long Term
      • Investigation into causes and failed infrastructure
      • Construction of an earthquake proof city
      • Investigation into road and modern building constructions.
      • Docks were rebuilt so trade could start again
      • £1billion upgrade express way
      • National Disaster Strategy
  • Impacts
    • Social
      • 316,000 died
      • Theft
      • Citizens carrying deceased bodies of relatives.
      • 3Million people were effected
    • Environmental
      • Landslides
    • Economic
      • Buildings destroyed
      • Businesses forced to close due to damage
      • No rescue equipment
      • Communication  systems were down
  • Responses
    • Short Term
      • Army Rescue
      • Locals leave the capital
      • Camps set up for temporary accommodation and aid.
      • Aid Agencies
      • Community help
      • UN Aid appeal
    • Long Term
      • 15 months were spent in camps
      • Recycled materials were used for housing
        • Disaster resistant materials were used

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