natalist policies

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  • Natalist policies
    • Anti-natalist
      • Kerala- India
        • why?
          • in 1950 TFR was over 6
          • natural increase was rapid- 1.9 %
          • india had already tried nation wide policies such as free transistor radio for vasectomy
        • what did Kerala do?
          • from 1970 all states adopted their own policies
          • Kerala was most successful
          • Kerala educated women
          • Kerala changed local laws and traditions
          • they gave women financial responsibility
        • the success
          • increasing literacy rates was most effective, 85% of women became literate
          • girls now outnumber the boys in secondary education, this only happens in Kerala
          • Kerala now has highest age for marriage, suggesting women lead a career first
          • infant mortality rates have fallen with the birth rates also falling
          • in Kerala it is 1.8 children to one women, India as a whole is 2.7
      • China- One child policy
        • why?
          • population needed to be controlled diue to rapid increase and availability of resources
          • to reduce birth rate to reduce natural increase
        • time line
          • 1953- laws apporved on contraception and abortion, later stranded by political instability and 1960 famine
          • 1970- chinas population exceeded 800 million
          • 1975- encouragment for one child only - 'late, long, few'
          • 1979- communist party decrees a one child policy
          • 1984- policy adjusted for a second child in rural areas
          • 2001- births now have to be approved after 1st child
          • 2013- two children for families where atleast 1 parent is an only child
        • success
          • it was successful it reduced population
    • pri-natalist
      • singapore- three or more
        • why?
          • since 1960's population has been controlled due to worry of overpopulation on the small island
          • the restriction policy was so successful it needed to be reversed by 1980s as by 2030 1 in 5 would be in the older age dependancy bracket
        • the policy
          • 1986- have 3 or more if you can afford
          • single people were given shorter working hours so they could spend more time finding a partner
          • young couples helped to rent or purchase their own place to help start family
          • you were given a reward for having children- $10,000 for 2 and $20,000 for 4
          • couples were given child care substity so they could continue to work and raise family
          • parents with more than one child had better access to 'good' schools
          • pregnant women given councelling to avoid aborting

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