Napoleon - Dictator? 1804 to 1815

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  • Napoleon - Dictator? 1804 to 1815
    • NO.
      • structure of government
        • government bodies still existed
          • Senate acquired more powers in 1804, safeguarding personal liberty and freedom of the press
      • control of regions
        • prefects in control came from verity of backgrounds and views
          • meritocratic system
            • unusual for dictator
      • legal system
        • judges appointed for life
          • reduced corruption through intimidation by government or Napoleon
        • Napoleonic Code promoted liberty equality and fraternity
          • equality before law
          • all citizens eligible for government posts
          • garnet of religious toleration
          • trial by jury
      • religious policies
        • religious toleration of minority groups
          • unusual for dictator
        • church schools remained popular, providing alternative
      • Napoleon not imposing himself
        • had popular support
          • bourgeois - he protected their interests  by introducing meritocracy
          • none of bloodshed of Robespierre's dictatorship
          • protected France's borders
          • winning victories and glory from foreign wars
          • increased employment via large army
      • spy networks and use of police, censorship of press common in democracies of the time
        • not indicative of dictatorship alone
    • YESS!!
      • structure of government
        • Tribunate abolished in 1808
        • Legislature only survived  because of subservient attitude
        • Senate and Council of State kept under Napoleons control by bribery
      • use of bribery
        • imperial nobility created to reward supporters and ensure continual loyalty
          • gave estates, titles and money
      • control of regions
        • appointed prefects and sub-prefects
          • spied on potentially dangerous people, submitting reports on them
          • spread propaganda
      • police state
        • Fouche's police spied on potenital opponents and searched for deserters. made daily reports to Napoleon
        • Napoleon had spy network that used senators to supply government with noteworthy info once a week
        • by 1814 3,000 thrown into prison for political offences
      • legal system
        • close supervision of judges
          • chosen by state, not elected as in Revolution
        • imprisonment without trial and house arrest became common
        • slavery reintroduced in French colonies
        • Napoleonic Code strengthened power of father, allowing him to imprison children
          • reflects increasingly authoritarian power of state
        • workers needed a liver to work
          • allowing police to supervise them
      • censorship and propaganda
        • battle reports
          • Battle of Eylau 1807 report changed draw into victory. lowered casualties, scalling by a 10th
        • newspapers
          • 1807 each newspaper had own censor
          • only one provincial paper per department
          • 73 journalists  in Terror cut down to 9
        • theatres
          • needed licence and swear an oath to government by 1810
        • publishers
          • permission to bring books and swear oath to government by 1810
      • creation of a dynasty
        • divorced Josephine
        • married Marie-Louise of Austria who bore him a son an heir
          • dictator who wanted power not only during life but after

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