Napoleon - a dictator? 1799 - 1804

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Napoleon - Dictator? 1799 to 1804
    • NO.
      • Structure of government
        • prevented concentration of power in one person or group.
          • 3 consuls
          • Serve for 10 years
        • government bodies designed to check Napoleons power
          • Senate, Council of State, Tribunate and Legislature
        • Universal male suffrage
          • 6 million voters
        • Plebiscites held
          • 1800: new constitution
          • 1802: Napoleon as First Consul for life
          • 1804: Napoleon for Emperor
        • promised to maintain the French Republic
          • swore to uphold Revolutionary ideas of "equality, liberty and fraternity"
          • in his coronation he swore to protect laws of the Revolution
      • Religious policies
        • toleration of religious minorities
          • paid equal salaries to clergy,       protestants, pastors and Rabbi's.
          • Unusual for a Dictator
        • Concordat with Pope Pius VII in 1801
          • Gave Pope more power than he had enjoyed since 1516
            • Pope responsible for aproving any nominations made by Napoleon to the episcopate
            • Napoleons way of putting down royalist revolt in Vendee, as one of their demands had been the restoration catholic worship.
      • He didn't impose his coronation on the people
        • public were happy to see him crowned after his military victory
        • Coronation backed up by a plebiscite in 1804
          • "i did not usurp the crown, i found it in the gutter and the french people put it on my head" - Napoleon
      • system was meritocratic
        • prefects came from wide variety of backgrounds
        • unusual for dictator
    • YES!!!
      • Structure of government
        • other consuls were only advisory
          • got rid of Sieyes and Ducos through bribery
          • limit of 10 years removed
          • Napoleon as First consul was only person to control ministers and decide on foreign policy
            • concentration of power in his hands
        • organisations designed to stop him were destroyed
          • senate bribed and filled with his supporters
          • Council of State members chosen by Napoleon
          • Tribunate purged in 1802 for criticising civil code
          • Legislature intimidated and filled with his supporters
        • elections were merely to provide list for Napoleon to chose from
          • 6 million voters only voted for communal list who voted for departmental list, who voted for national list from which prefects and official were chosen
            • power of peoples vote diminished
        • plebiscites
          • not a secret ballot, sheet on a wall with yes and no and you had to write your name
            • open to intimidation
          • corruption,1802 some local officials never held a vote, but sent in unanimous 'yes'
          • Lucien, doubled 'yes' votes in 1800 and added 500,000 yes votes for army
      • religious policies
        • church under control of state
          • Concordat of 1801 andOrganic Articles of 1802
          • clergy had to swear oath of allegiance to state
          • supervisedservices
        • restored church as use as 'social cement'
      • Revolts ruthlessly crushed
        • leaders of Vendee executed
        • Duc d'Enghien kidnapped and murdered for involvement in plot against Napoleon
          • characteristics of Dictator
      • Accession to emperor
        • undemocratic principles
          • title made hereditary
          • upheld Devine Right of Kings
          • "i myself have destroyed the Revolution" - Napoleon

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all France 1589-1850 resources »