Music rock n roll

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  • Rock ’n’ roll
    • Musical elements
      • often 12 bar blues
      • Back beat- Beats 2 and 4 emphasised by the snare drum
      • Instrumental solo section
      • Emphasis on primary chords I IV V
      • Walking bass line (played by bass guitar or pizzicato double bass)
    • Rhythem
      • Swing or boogie-woogie rhythm
      • SWING          In jazz and rock ’n’ roll, the quaver notes are often swung. the first quaver in a pair is always longer than the second, creating an unequal rhythm
      • Rhythmic drive and energy
    • The Beach Boys: ‘Surfin’ USA’ (1963)
      • structure
        • A short introduction on the electric guitarbefore the lead vocal enters.
        • The drum kit plays a backbeat, the guitarprovides the chords and the backing vocalssing ’oohs’ in three parts. Thisaccompaniment (apart from the bass drum)stops every bar to let the solo voice standout. All the vocalists sing the final line,‘surfin’ USA’.
        • The bass riff comprises notes of the triad incrotchets.
        • The organ plays a solo, most of which issyncopated and chordal. The electric guitartakes over from the organ for what wouldbe the final two lines of the verse, usingnotes from the blues scale.
        • The chord sequence is based mainly onchords I and V, with one move to chordIV.
      • American rock and pop band formed in 1961 in California.
        • The group were seen to represent Californian youth culture, and thelyrics of their early songs were almost exclusively about surfing, cars,girls and dancing.
          • The Beach Boys’ style can be characterised by its catchy melodies, closeharmonyvocals (influenced by doo-*** and barbershop groups),detailed production and inventive arrangements.
  • Musical instruments
    • Lead vocals, sometimes accompanied by backing vocalists singing in close harmony
    • Saxophones, though they were less popular after the 1950s
    • Electric and/or acoustic guitar
    • Double bass (or bass guitar)
    • Piano
    • Rock ’n’ roll
      • Musical elements
        • often 12 bar blues
        • Back beat- Beats 2 and 4 emphasised by the snare drum
        • Instrumental solo section
        • Emphasis on primary chords I IV V
        • Walking bass line (played by bass guitar or pizzicato double bass)
      • Rhythem
        • Swing or boogie-woogie rhythm
        • SWING          In jazz and rock ’n’ roll, the quaver notes are often swung. the first quaver in a pair is always longer than the second, creating an unequal rhythm
        • Rhythmic drive and energy
      • The Beach Boys: ‘Surfin’ USA’ (1963)
        • structure
          • A short introduction on the electric guitarbefore the lead vocal enters.
          • The drum kit plays a backbeat, the guitarprovides the chords and the backing vocalssing ’oohs’ in three parts. Thisaccompaniment (apart from the bass drum)stops every bar to let the solo voice standout. All the vocalists sing the final line,‘surfin’ USA’.
          • The bass riff comprises notes of the triad incrotchets.
          • The organ plays a solo, most of which issyncopated and chordal. The electric guitartakes over from the organ for what wouldbe the final two lines of the verse, usingnotes from the blues scale.
          • The chord sequence is based mainly onchords I and V, with one move to chordIV.
        • American rock and pop band formed in 1961 in California.
          • The group were seen to represent Californian youth culture, and thelyrics of their early songs were almost exclusively about surfing, cars,girls and dancing.
            • The Beach Boys’ style can be characterised by its catchy melodies, closeharmonyvocals (influenced by doo-*** and barbershop groups),detailed production and inventive arrangements.
  • Hound dog
    • Elvis presley
      • Born in 1935 in Tupelo, Mississippi
      • Attended church sang a lot of gospel music
      • Had numerous hits including ‘Heartbreak Hotel’, ‘Love Me Tender’, and‘Blue Suede Shoes’
    • Musical elements
      • instruments: Lead singer (Elvis Presley) Backing vocals  Upright bass (Bill Black) Electric guitar (Scotty Moore)Drum kit (D. J. Fontana)Hand claps.
      • The bass line is based on the triad and is syncopated
      • The vocal melody is limited to a smallrange of notes- involvesrepeated notes.
      • The guitar solos mixes   chords and asolo melody line. Also:improvisation; lots of repeated notes and licks; fast notes; starting at a low pitch andthen moving high.
      • 44 swing rhythm. The tempo is fast, designed to get people ontothe dance floor.
      • In the instrumentals, when the guitar takesthe solo line, backing vocal ‘aahs’ (in threeparts) are added to fill in the chords.
  • the beatles
    • John Lennon (singer, guitarist), PaulMcCartney (singer, bassist), George Harrison (guitarist, backing vocalist)and Ringo Starr (drummer).
    • twist and shout
      • comparision hound dog
        • Both songs use only threechords.
        • Both songs have electricguitar solos.
        • The instrumentation isvery similar (both usedrum kit, electric guitar,lead and backing vocals).
        • ‘Twist And Shout’ is based on the repeatedchord sequence D–G–A, rather than a 12-bar blues sequence
        • In ‘Twist And Shout’, the harmonybacking vocals are much more prominent.They imitate the lead vocals after everyline, singing in 3rds.
        • Unlike the improvised guitar solos in‘Hound Dog’, the instrumental break in‘Twist And Shout’ contains a guitar riffover the D–G–A chord sequence.
        • After the instrumental break in ‘Twist AndShout’, the band prepares for the verse bysinging a sustained chord on the dominant7th, which culminates in some shouts andwhoops.

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