Music- Debussy

  • Created by: Phoebe D
  • Created on: 11-02-18 15:54
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  • "Pagodes" and "La Soiree dans Grenade" by Debussy
    • Background of Debussy
      • B. 1862, D. 1918
      • Impressionist composer
        • Was influenced by art
        • Was against  Romanticism
          • More emphasis on colour and texture
      • French heritage
        • Can be seen in his markings
      • Fascinated by Eastern countries and cultures
    • Background of "Pagodes" and "La soiree dans Grenade
      • First impressionist piece for piano
      • Pagodes indluenced by Javanese Gamelan
        • Saw in Paris 1889
      • "La...." influenced by Spanish flamenco music
      • These are both minitures
    • Sonorites
      • Pagodes
        • pp to ff
          • Large range
        • Lowest B to highest A#
        • Sustained pedal
          • Bar 10, used to blur sound
        • indications
          • Cross hands, playing markings
            • Such as moderement anime
          • Very specific articulation
            • Use of staccato bar 11
      • La Soiree dans Grenade
        • extreme range of dynamics
          • Starts ppp to ff
            • See bar 41 beat 3
        • Sustained pedal
        • Ad lib throughout
        • More use of staccato
          • see bar 17
          • Stacatto chords, mimic Spanish guitar effect: Radgueado
            • see bar 17
        • Polarised Pitch
          • See bar 21
          • Use of 3 staves
            • See bars 96 to 109
    • Texture
      • Pagodes
        • Very varied to imitate Gamelan
          • Homophony
            • bar 1 to 2
          • Melody dominated homophony
            • Over drone- bar 3 to7
            • With drone and with inner counterpoint-bar 7 to 10
          • Counterpoint
            • 2 part, in octaves, over pedal-  bar 11
            • 3 part , octaves, high trill, offbeat 2 note chord- bar 50
          • Brief imitation
            • bar 23
          • Simple melody and chords
            • bar 15, with LH playing ostinato
      • La soiree dans grenade
        • Wide range of dynamics and is polarized
          • Homophony
            • Over pedal- bar 17
          • Polarized texture
            • Bar 21
          • melody dominated homophony
            • Over pedal- bar 25
          • Monphony
            • Brief- bar 107
          • Parrellism
            • In triads- bars 109 to 121
          • Melody and inverted pedal
            • bar 7
        • Similar to "Alborada del grascioso" by Ravel
          • 1904 to 1905
          • Rasgueado style piano figuration
          • Chords in octaves
          • Difference-Non functional toniality
            • More of a Spanish lament
    • Melody
      • Pagodes
        • Pentatonic
          • Mimics Javanese slendro scale (5 notes)
            • See bar 3
          • Melody in octaves, different rhythm
            • See bar 11
        • Western sounding meloody
          • Bar 7
        • Whole tone idea contrasts with pentatonic idea
          • Pentatonic
            • Mimics Javanese slendro scale (5 notes)
              • See bar 3
            • Melody in octaves, different rhythm
              • See bar 11
          • bar 33
      • La soireee dans grenade
        • Irregular phrasing
        • Arabic descending melody
          • Features: augmented 2nds, semitones and acciaccaturas
            • See bar 7
          • Diatonic in A major
            • bar 39
        • Small amount of irregular phrasing
          • Upward guitar melody in 3rds
            • See bar 15 to 17
        • Melodic motif= structure
          • A, B1
            • B1, Strummed guitar melody
          • B2
            • A dreamy laid back triplet whole tone motif
          • B3
            • Descending chords in 3rds
          • C
            • Melody in octaves
        • "Gnossiennes" by Satire
          • 1809
          • Use of exotic scales
          • Similar dynamics and  ornamentation
          • Difference- lacks bar lines and time signiture
            • Very free and interperative
    • Structure
      • Pagodes
        • Ternary form with 2 bar intro and 20 bar coda
          • Intro: bar 1 to 2
          • Section A: bar 3 to 32
          • Section B: bar 33 to 50
          • Section A: bar 50 to 77
          • Coda: bar 78 to end
            • Contains melody from start of A section
      • La soiree dans grenade
        • Use of melodic motifs to structure
          • A: Bar 1 to 17
          • B1: Bar 17 to 23
          • B2: Bar 23 to 29
          • B1: Bar 29 to 32
          • B3: Bar 33 to 37
          • C: bar 38 to 61
          • B2: Bar 61 to 66
          • B3: bar 67 to 78
          • B2: Bar 78 to 92
          • B1: Bar 92 to 108
          • 2 Interruptions ending with motif A

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