Musculo-Skeletal System

Sorry if it's a bit cramped but that's all the info I have

  • Created by: undecided
  • Created on: 15-01-19 17:47
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  • Musculo-Skeletal System
    • Skeletal System
      • Classifications of bones
        • Long
          • Bones that are longer than they are wide
            • All the limb bones in the body besides the patella as well as the wrist and ankle bones
        • Flat
          • They offer protection for the vital organs as well as space for muscle attachment
            • Such as the ribs, cranium, patella, sternum, scapula and clavicle
        • Short
          • Small bones in the body which are typically used for weight bearing
            • Such as the carpals (wrist) and tarsals (toes)
        • Irregular
          • Bones that have different shapes and look different to all the other bones
            • Such as the vertebrae and the patella
            • They have a range of functions: some are used for protection, whilst others are used for muscle attachment
      • Functions of the skeletal system
        • Protection of vital organs
        • Muscle attachment via tendons
        • Joints for movement
        • Storage of phosphorus and calcium
        • Production of red blood cells and white blood cells
      • The structure of the skeletal system
        • Clavicle
        • Humerus
        • Sternum
        • Ribs
        • Pelvis
        • Ulna
        • Femur
        • Patella
        • Radius
        • Tarsals
        • Carpals
        • Metatarsals
        • Metacarpals
        • Ohalanges
        • Crainium
        • scapula
        • Tibia
        • Fibula
        • Cervical vertebrae
        • Lumbar vertebrae
        • Thoracic vertebrae
        • Coccygeal vertebrae
        • Sacral vertebrae
    • Muscular System
      • Types of muscles
        • Voluntary
          • under our control, can be contracted and relaxed at will
            • all the muscles attached to the skeleton
        • Involuntary
          • not under our control
            • linings of the blood vessels as well as organs
        • Cardiac
          • not under our control
            • lines the heart to maintain a heartbeat
      • muscles
        • Deltoid
        • Gluteals
        • Triceps
        • Hamstrings
        • Gastrocnemius
        • Latissimus dorsi
        • Biceps
        • External obliques
        • Pectoralis major
        • Hip Flexors
        • Tibialis anterior
        • Quadriceps
      • Antagonistic Pairs
        • When muscles work together to cause movement
        • the muscle which contracts is called the agonist
        • the muscle which relaxes is the antagonist
        • biceps and triceps
        • quadriceps and hamstrings
        • gastrocnemius and tibialis anterior
    • Joints
      • A place where two or more bones meet
      • Ball and socket joint
        • e.g. the hip or the shoulder
        • allows for adduction and abduction
      • Condyloin joint
        • Allows for flexion, extension, adduction and abduction
        • e.g. the wrist
      • Hinge joint
        • allows for flexion and extension/ backwards and forwards movement
        • e.g. the knee, elbow or elbow
      • Pivot joint
        • Allows for rotation
        • e.g. in the neck: the atlas and axis vertebrae
  • Functions of the skeletal system
    • Protection of vital organs
    • Muscle attachment via tendons
    • Joints for movement
    • Storage of phosphorus and calcium
    • Production of red blood cells and white blood cells

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