Munich Putsch 1923

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  • Munich Putsch 1923
    • Chances of Success
      • Weimar government not popular due to Treaty of Versailles
      • Hitler was an effective and powerful speaker.
      • The SA made sure that Nazi message was heard at meetings.
      • Nazi's had 55,000 members by 1923
      • Hitler had built up a close relationship with General Ludendorff the commander of the army.
    • Chances of failure
      • Nazis weren't strong anywhere other than Bavaria.
        • Bavaria shared right wing views with Nazis.
      • Ebert had faced uprisings in 1919 and 1920.
        • Meaning he could likely keep another one under control.
      • Had the army on the governments side at this point.
    • Causes
      • Germans didn't like government
        • Called government November criminals
      • French occupied Ruhr
        • Ruhr = main income
      • Hyperinflation
        • German people desperate for a constant income.
    • Main events at beer hall.
      • Hitler interrupts meeting in Munich
      • Hitler says:
        • Taking over bovaria
        • March to Berlin and take over whole country
      • Locked Kahr and friends in small room.
      • Ludendorff says he supports Hitler and his ideas.
      • Hitlers Storm troopers took control of government buildings and officials
    • Outcomes:
      • Kahr tricked Ludendorff and called poliece
        • Hitler and 2000 supporters marched and were met with police
      • Hitler and 2000 supporters marched and were met with police
      • Gun battle
        • 3 policemen died
        • 16 Nazis died
        • Hitler supposedly shot
      • Hitler and Ludendorff arrested
        • Hitler on trial  for 24 days
          • Used trial as a publicity stunt and gave a speech to all those attended.
        • Hitler got off with 5 years imprisonment instead of execution


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