Mumbai Megacity

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  • Mumbai Megacity
    • Background information
      • On the West coast of India
      • Has rapid population growth
        • Population has nearly doubled since 1991
      • Consolidating state of urbanisation
      • Mumbai contributes to 40% of India's foreign trade
    • Problems caused by urbanisation
      • Expensive housing due to huge demand
      • Traffic congestion
      • Inadequate and expensive healthcare
    • Push factors
      • Lack of basic services
      • Overcrowding
      • Many jobs involve agriculture -  the growing population means residents are forced to have smaller plots of land.
    • Pull factors
      • Access to the Arabian sea has allowed Mumbai's port to expand
        • Caused industrial development
        • Increased trade
      • Urban Mumbai has schools and universities
      • Job opportunities in textiles, shipping and freight brought by TNCs
    • Development over time
      • Rapidly increasing population due to pull factors
        • Pull factors
          • Access to the Arabian sea has allowed Mumbai's port to expand
            • Caused industrial development
            • Increased trade
          • Urban Mumbai has schools and universities
          • Job opportunities in textiles, shipping and freight brought by TNCs
      • Has reached consolidating stage of urbanisation
      • Slum areas of Mumbai are growing the most rapidly
        • Dharavi slums
          • 85% of people there have a job
          • There is a strong sense of community
          • The oldest part of Dharavi (the centre) has been greatly developed
            • Now looks like a city
          • Has poor living conditions
    • Strategies in place
      • Site and service schemes
        • City authorities set out water pipes, electricity and roads before slums develop
          • Afterwards, low income people build their home there,
      • Rehousing residents
        • Moving Dharavi residents into new 7 storeys' high social accomadation
          • Slums destroyed afterwards
      • Non-governmental organisations (NGOs)
        • For example SPARC
          • They are working with slum dwellers to improve housing quality and standard of living.
    • Proposed future strategies
      • Plans to build a new city
        • A new city may be build 50 miles away in Uran
          • Helps deal with overcrowding
          • An additional city has been built on the outskirts of Mumbai before, called 'Navi Mumbai'
      • Redeveloping Mumbai's dockland
        • Should provide affordable housing, transport links and public space
      • Mumbai Metro
        • A major transport project
          • Should reduce travel time and pollution
          • Fully air conditioned trains should be pleasant to travel on
    • Is Mumbai sustainable?
      • For
        • Dharavi carries out loads of recycling
      • Against
        • Mumbai's infrastructure is in danger of collapse

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