Multihazard case study

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  • MULTI-HAZARD HATI SOMERSET
    • General knowledge
      • 2015, 9.9 mil pop and 10% in the capital port au prince
        • World bank, 96% pop at risk of mortality from 2 or more hazards
      • 168/187 HDI. Life expectancy, 62.17 yrs.
      • GDP, per cap 1200 dollars
      • least developed in western hem
      • Location, middle of Caribbean basin.
    • Nature of Hatis hazards.
      • Tropical storms, june-nov. 12 storms per season 50% are hurricanes.
        • makes country vulnerable, winds, flooding, land slides, coastal surges
          • 2008, 8% pop affected. 1 bil dollars in damage
          • Magnitude doesn't change vulnerability
      • landslides
        • Oil is expensive, so rely on charcoal 85% of their needs
          • Deforestation for wood. 2004 forest = 1.4%
            • Denuded mountains
              • No roots to bind soil, increased death toll in 2008
      • Earthquakes, tsunamis
        • Jan 2010, magnitude 7 on richter. 3.5 mil affected. 100,000 at risk of flooding
          • Untitled
        • On conservative plate boundary.
          • Caribbean moving east against north American
    • Resilience, mitigation, adaption and managment.
      • Resilience
        • 2010 eq, dom rep sent water, food
          • MSF set up makeshift hospitals saving est 20,000 lives a day
      • Mitigation
        • 116,000 to receive info for future disaster preparation.
          • Change future perceptions
      • Adaption
        • DEC, 107 mil for water treatment reduce cholera spread

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