MULTI-STORE MODEL OF MEMORY

Brief mind map of MSM based on AQA revision guide. :)

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  • MULTI-STORE MODEL OF MEMORY
    • Sensory Memory
      • Accepts any modality
        • Iconic
        • Echoic
        • Haptic
      • Rapid loss via trace decay
      • 4x3 grid displayed for half a second, participants had to recall as may as they could.
        • Tone played for if column was high, middle or low. 3/4 correct.
    • Short-Term Memory
      • 7+/- 2
      • Acoustic
        • Acoustically similar and acoustically dissimilar consonants presented visually. Participants asked to write down. Acoustic confusion with those similar
      • 18 seconds
      • Acoustically similar and acoustically dissimilar consonants presented visually. Participants asked to write down. Acoustic confusion with those similar
      • Participants asked for immediate recall of a random string of digits. When correct, string increased +1. Span was 5-9items.
        • 7+/- 2
      • Nonsense trigram presented to participants. Asked to count backwards in 3's from a given number. After 3 seconds - 80%. Aftre 18 seconds - >10%.
        • 18 seconds
    • Long Term Memory
      • Unlimited
      • Semantic
      • Rehersal Loop
      • Loss through decay or interference
      • 400 American highschool graduates in a variety of memory tests, including photo recognition and recollection of names. Good upto 34years. Declined after 47 years.
  • Sperling
  • Conrad - Encoding
  • Jacobs - Capacity
  • Miller
  • Peterson & Peterson - Length
  • University Students
  • Artificial Stimuli
  • Counting displaces memory
  • LTM Influence
  • Trigram Significance
  • Artificial Lab Setting
  • Bahrick - Duration
  • How memory works in real life
  • Extraneous variables
  • Population validity

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