Topic 1- Motives to reform

The reasons why Alexander II made reform such as emancipation of the serfs and the building of a railway 

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  • Alexander II's on views: he was fully committed to maintaining the tsarist autocracy and was no liberal. He believed he had the responsibility to enhance the power and prestige of Russia (Especially after Crimean war). He accepted that if Russians were given limited freedoms the economy would boost without altering the basic framework of his rule
    • He has the opportunity to witness first hand some of the problems Russia faced. he worked in several committees one for serfdom and railways. He also took control of government when his father was absent. He had travelled abroad and witnessed the development in Britain and France.
  • Reform From above before their is revolution from below - Alexander II
  • Political considerations: His father had maintained a Reactionary regime yet he was still unable to prevent the emergence of reactionary groups. There were more than 300 separate peasant risings plus murders of landowners, which threatened the social stability of the countryside. 
    • Motives For Reform
      • Crimean War: Russia has suffered two disastrous defeat against Britain, France and Turkey. Russia's greatest naval base on the black sea had fallen to its enemies
        • The country was in a state of shock and humiliation. The was was taken with utmost confidence but revealed the Countries and military inadequacies; weapons were far inferior to those of the enemies and no railways to transport food or weaponry.
          • (1854-56)
      • Alexander II's on views: he was fully committed to maintaining the tsarist autocracy and was no liberal. He believed he had the responsibility to enhance the power and prestige of Russia (Especially after Crimean war). He accepted that if Russians were given limited freedoms the economy would boost without altering the basic framework of his rule
        • He has the opportunity to witness first hand some of the problems Russia faced. he worked in several committees one for serfdom and railways. He also took control of government when his father was absent. He had travelled abroad and witnessed the development in Britain and France.
      • Reform From above before their is revolution from below - Alexander II
    • Economic consideration: 1. Russia needed to catch up with the west to reassert her great power status. 2. Production was great yet per person was very low which effected the population as it's population has doubled in the 1st half of the 19th century. 3. no incentive for peasants to innovate or develop their lands when the landowners would take all profit

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