Morphological language types

View mindmap
  • Morphological lang. types
    • Analytical
      • made up of sequences of free morphemes
        • Word order is very important as each word is one morpheme so carries individual meaning
      • Examples include Chinese and vietnamese
      • words tend to be uninflected
      • Grammatical relations expressed by separate words (rather than affixes)
    • Synthetic
      • these languages use affixes or bound morpehemes
        • word order is less important as affixes indicate grammatical relationships
          • most Indo-European languages are synthetic
      • There are 4 sub-types
        • FUSIONAL- fuse categories together, 1 word ending may contain different categories, Can be diff. to distinguish root
        • AGGLUTINA-TIVE each morpheme fulfils one function. words contain many morphemes but tend to be very regular. E.g. turkish
        • POLYSYNTH- Higher level of agglutination, by constructing entire sentences as one word. e.g. Amerindian languages.
        • OLIGOSYNTHETIC- These languages have very few morphemes, only a few hundred. No known languages are accepted as OLGIOSYN. constructed ones are.
      • there's lots of concordance e.g. gender agreements
    • Isolating
      • Extreme version of analytic languages
      • Never uses prefixes or suffixes to compose words
      • Never uses gramatical affixations
      • Very rare for a language to be completely isolating

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar English Language resources:

See all English Language resources »See all language types resources »