Mormon migration 1846-47

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  • Created on: 10-06-18 11:13
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  • Mormon migration 1846-47
  • Leaving the United States
    • Joseph Smith murdered in 1845
      • Brigham Young became leader
    • September
      • Brigham decided they could never live peacefully in the US
        • (with gentiles)
    • Decided to move to the Great Salt Lake
      • East of the Rocky Mountains
      • Very isolated
      • Reports
        • Fertile farming land
        • Water
      • Mormons could live close together
        • Retain beliefs and practises
      • Not in the US
        • Mexico
    • The journey
      • Required careful planning and preparation
      • Winter months of 1845-46
        • Bought
          • Oxen
          • Food
          • Equipment
        • Built
          • Wagons
      • February 1846
        • First group set off
          • Plan
            • Simple
            • First groups
              • Set up rest camps
                • Facilities to repair wagons
              • Planted crops
            • The rest
              • Travel in steady stream
                • Separate wagon trains
                  • About 100 wagons
                • Stopping at rest camps
      • Winter Quarters
        • Missouri River
        • Thousands of cabins built
          • House families in winter
            • Worked well
        • Mormon wagons arrived by Autumn
        • Harsh winter
          • Food and supplies ran low
          • Disease spread
          • Several hundred died
            • Buried there
        • April 1846
          • Pioneer Band went on
            • Led by Brigham Young
            • 150 men
            • 70 wagons
            • Trailblazing
              • Route
                • Deliberately chosen by Brigham Young
                • North side of Platte River
                  • To avoid possible conflict with other travellers
                    • On Oregon Trail
              • Pioneer group
                • Job: to choose the trail
                  • Ensure it was suitable for wagons
                  • Later groups maintained it as they travelled
                • Rivers
                  • Constructed fords
                  • Set up ferries
                • Planted food crops
              • In six weeks
                • Reached Fort Laramie
                  • Stopped for repairs and to rest

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