Mood disorders

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  • Created by: Kristina_
  • Created on: 23-04-20 14:23
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  • Mood disorders
    • Depressive disorders
      • Major Depressive Disorder
      • Persistent Depressive Disorder
      • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
      • Disruptive Mood dysregulation disorder
      • Medication-Induced Depressive Disorder
      • Depression and Mania
        • Bipolar I
        • Bipolar II
        • Cyclothymic
    • Diagnosis
      • Sad mood or loss of interest or pleasure
      • Sleeping too much or too little
      • Psychomotor retardation or agitation e.g. pacing a room
      • Poor appetite and weight loss, or the opposite
      • Loss of energy
      • Difficulty concentrating
      • Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide
      • Feelings of worthlessness and excessive guilt
    • Diagnostic Issues
      • Diagnostic criteria can be viewed as arbitrary; wide variation in symptoms
      • Do duration and number of symptoms really distinguish those who do and do not qualify for diagnosis in MDD
      • Mood disorders show high co-morbidity
    • Biological Theories
      • Neuro-transmitters
        • Serotonin
        • Dopamine
        • Norepine-phrine
      • Brain regions
        • Oversensitivity to emotional information in Amygdala
      • Genes
        • MDD Heritability estimates around 37%
        • Bipolar heritability 93%
    • Behavioural
      • Loss of sources of + enforcement
      • Learned helplessness
    • Cognitive
      • Beck 1991 Negative triad and cognitive biases
    • Treatments
      • Drug therapy
        • Monoamie Oxidase Inhibitors
        • SSRIs
        • Mood Stabilizing medications for bipolar
      • Brain Stimulation
        • Electrocon-vulsive Therapy (ECT)
          • Used when drug treatment is not responsive
          • Passes volt current of 70-130 volts through brain with muscle relaxant
          • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
            • Pulses of magnetic energy increase activity in brain
        • ECT may be associated with memory loss, confusing
      • Psychological treatment
        • Cognitive therapy effective in behavioural activation
        • Interpersonal therapy found effective in treating MDD
        • MCBT aims to prevent relapse in recurrent depression
        • Behavioural activation without cognitive component may be effective

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