modifying stress - SIT evaluation

  • Created by: Elyseee
  • Created on: 10-01-21 18:28
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  • SIT evaluation
    • effectivenss
      • Research - SIT is effective in reducing stress across number of different settings
      • Saunders et al 1996 - reviewed 37 studies into effectiveness of SIT in workplace, concluded it effective in enhancing performance under stress and reducing anxiety, remained effective regardless of trainer and setting it was carried out in, led to improvements for high and low anxiety groups
    • comparison
      • Foa et al 1991, 1999 - carried out series of studies comparing effectiveness of SIT with other methods of treatment of female victims of sexual assault
      • Considered prolonged exposure as an alternative - clients relieve traumatic memories by recalling them, taught how to confront situations that remind them of their trauma
      • Both SIT and PE effective in reducing symptoms of PTSD and depression, PE more effective for reducing general levels of anxiety, suggests it is a more useful therapy
    • determining which part is effective
      • Difficult to pinpoint which of the three components is effective, the overlap with each other
      • Identifying a key component could save time by focusing on the section needed
      • Moses and Hollandsworth tried to separate them out 1985 - randomly allocated 24 dental phobics to four conditions. Some given stage 1 in isolation and others given stage 1 alongside coping skills training
      • No significant difference between either group in terms of anxiety levels, but those who received coping skills training went through with more appointments they’d made
      • Suggests stage 1 alone is not sufficient in helping people overcome stress, and stage 3 (application) is perhaps more important


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