Modern research (difference theory)

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  • Created by: BethScott
  • Created on: 19-04-15 11:57
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  • Deborah Tannen (1992)
    • Topic raising, interrupting & reinforcing
      • Women
        • Do more work in convos to raise topics & to get others to take them up
        • Use reinforcers to maintain other's contributions
        • Their contributions are less likely to be heard - allow men to 'take the floor'
        • Make more effort and downplay own subject knowledge
      • Men
        • Compete to control topics - interrupt if necessary
          • Appear to interrupt women more
        • Appear to interrupt women more
    • Reporting and rapporting
      • Women
        • Complain that men don't give enough information when they recount incidents
        • Pay more attention to the 'meta message'
          • Recounting experiences is a way to relate to the listener (RAPPORTING)
      • Men
        • Complain women give too much info when telling stories
        • Concentrate on the content alone
          • See recounting incidents as REPORTING
      • Men and women think their doing different things when they relay information
    • Problem solving & problem sharing
      • Respond differently in convos when a problem is presented
        • Women
          • Are encouraged to think of themselves as listeners
            • 'Trouble-talks' often take turns comparing difficulties & finding likenesses between their respective situations
        • Men
          • Trained to be active & find solutions to problems
            • Adopt a problem - solution approach when someone articulates personal difficulties
            • 'Trouble-talks' appear o be reassured by their male friend's making light or dismissing their worries as insignificant
    • Suggests male & female convos result in difficulty as men think they are simply exchanging info, while women think they're negotiating


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