Modern Architecture

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  • Modern Architecture
    • Context
      • 20th Century, a new optimism about a utopian way of living
        • Technological advancements
          • Reinforced concrete, iron, steel
          • Skyscrapers- weight taken off walls and onto an iron framework
          • Use of glass- feeling of weightlessness
        • Rejection of traditional upper class materials
        • Rise in socialist ideas post WW1
    • Materials
      • High tensile strength of new materials
        • Allows for bolder structures, more height, more glass etc
        • Ribbon windows and panoramic views
          • Feeling of weightlessness
            • Use of voids and spaces
          • Natural light
        • Cantilerage
      • Truth to materials
      • Lack of joins- whitewashing
    • Stylistic features
      • Minimalistic, simplictic
        • Lack of ordimentation, austere
          • Rejection of traditional upper class materials
      • Geometric shapes
        • Rectilinear, use of cubes
        • Open plan and grid like
          • Use of voids and spaces
          • Compartmented
        • Strong lines
      • Harmony and order
        • Often whitewahsed
    • Main importance is functionality
      • Rise in socialist ideas post WW1
      • Clean living spaces
      • Housing for all
      • Built for efficency

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