Multi- store mofel of memory

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  • Created by: Nita
  • Created on: 19-11-12 19:43
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  • Multi store model of Memory
    • Case study of Clive Wearing
      • FOR       supports multi store model of the unitary stores
        • After his accident he was unable to recall his long term memoried but his short term memory appeared to be intact
          • Provides evidence for the existence of seperate and unitary stores
      • AGAINST        the multi store model
        • Clive was able to remember some oh his LTM's. He was able to remeber who his wife was and how to play the piano
          • Provides evidence to suggest that the stores of memory may not be so unitary after all but that instead we have more than one store for LTM
        • Fails to explain memory recall that has not been elaboratively rehearsed. i.e episodic or emotional memories.
          • Was an amnesia patient so is too specific. Unable to generalize and not representative of the wider population
    • Glanzer and Cunitz 1966
      • conducted  an experiment known as the serial position effect.
        • Laboratory conditions
        • Participants were presented with a list of 15 words. They were then asked to recall the words
          • PRIMACY AND RECENCY EFFECT
      • Research was influential because it the first attempt to try and record memory.
      • Stimulated other researches
    • Atkinson and Shiffrin in 1971
      • makes a distinction between the seperate stored of sensory, STM and LTM.
        • The memory race is processed very quickly and is only transferred to the STM if paid ATTENTION to. MAINTENANCE REHEARSAL
          • This is a temporary store of limited duration with a limited storage capacity (7+/-2 items)
          • Some memories are transfered into the LTM if ELABORATIVELY REHEARSED!!!
            • The LTM is a store with potentially unlimited capacity and duration that may be life long.
            • makes a distinction between the seperate stored of sensory, STM and LTM.
              • The memory race is processed very quickly and is only transferred to the STM if paid ATTENTION to. MAINTENANCE REHEARSAL
                • This is a temporary store of limited duration with a limited storage capacity (7+/-2 items)
                • Some memories are transfered into the LTM if ELABORATIVELY REHEARSED!!!
                  • The LTM is a store with potentially unlimited capacity and duration that may be life long.
              • Environmental stimuli are captured by SENSORY MEMORY
                • Memories from the LTM can be retrieved and bought into the STM where they can be accesed
          • Environmental stimuli are captured by SENSORY MEMORY
            • Memories from the LTM can be retrieved and bought into the STM where they can be accesed
        • Untitled
        • A02 POINTS
          • Reductionist as it doesnt take into account emotional memories or flash bulb memories

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