HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Katie
  • Created on: 17-02-14 10:57
View mindmap
  • Miners-'49ers
    • How it all began
      • In January 1848, a group of men were building a sawmill in the Sierra foothills.
      • James Marshall noticed a glint of yellow at the bottom of the ditch.
      • He collected samples and they tested positive for gold.
      • After finishing the sawmill James Marshall and his co-workers, some of which were Mormons, started digging.
      • In May 1848, Sam Brannan opened a store new to the sawmill and when he returned to San Francisco, he told everyone about the gold.
    • General Facts
      • 2/3 of the able bodied people in Oregon joined the search for gold.
      • The news of the gold didn't reach the East until December 1848
      • Guidebooks informed people that some people were making $1000 a day.
      • 25,000 people reached California by boat, and 5,000 people died on the way to California by wagons, mainly due to cholera.
      • By the time most people reached California, most of the gold was gone, leaving them with earnings of $3 a day.
      • By 1849, they yielded about $10 million of gold.
    • Life in the mining towns
      • Full of dust and mud
      • They lived in shacks made from old blankets spread over wooden frames.
      • Diseases such as scurvy, diarrhoea, dysentery and malaria were common.
      • Gambling was common.
      • Those of different nations were treated badly.
      • People didn't bring their families out until later.
    • Short-term consequences of Gold Rush
      • Gold was running out and big pieces of machinery were having to be used to reach the gold.
      • Many left after they couldn't find any surface gold.
      • Over population
      • Very dirty
    • Long-term consequences of the gold rush
      • The discovery of the Black hills of Dakota which was the Sioux's most sacred ground.
      • On their way home, some of the miners found gold in other places.
      • Big business' set up
      • Miner's brought their families out, causing towns to develop.
      • Big companies moved over to use machinery and employ miners so they weren't working for themselves.
    • The miners helped settle the west as towns began to develop and the population increased


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all The American West 1840-1895 resources »