Mind & Body

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  • Mind & Body PE
    • Extreme body types (somatotypes)
      • Mesomorph
        • Characteristics
          • low levels of fat
          • builds muscle easily
          • wide shoulders
          • narrow hips
          • solid build
        • Activities
          • sprinting
          • weight lifting
          • boxing
      • Ectomorph
        • Characteristics
          • narrow shoulders and hips
          • not build muscle or store fat easily
          • long thin frame
        • Activities
          • long distance running
          • high jump
      • Endomorph
        • Activities
          • shot putt
          • sumo wrestling
        • Characteristics
          • wide hips
          • narrow shoulders
          • store fat easily
    • Optimum weight
      • Height
        • The taller you are, the more you weigh
          • Height can be an advantage in many activities
            • where you need to outreach an opponent e.g. basketball
            • when the use of longer levers may be beneficial e.g. bowling in cricket
      • Sex
        • Males tend to have more muscle mass therefore weigh more
          • This provides men with an advantage in activities requiring strength and power
            • Therefore males and females compete separately in activities of the sort
              • e.g. athletics
      • Bone structure
        • longer and wider bones weigh more
          • Bone strength is important in many activities
            • in particular contact sports e.g. rugby
      • Muscle girth
        • People with bigger muscles weigh more
          • Bigger muscles are generally an advantage in activities requiring speed, power and strength
            • e.g. throwing a javelin
    • Drugs
      • Anabolic steroids
      • Beta blockers
      • Diuretics
      • Narcotic analgesics
      • Stimulants
      • Peptide hormones
    • Health issues
      • Overfat
        • Means you have more body fat than you should have
          • this could lead to health problems, e.g. high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels
          • you can be overfat but not overweight
      • Obese
        • Very overfat
          • High levels of excess fat
            • this could lead to: *mobility issues   *heart disease  *type 2 diabetes
      • Overweight
        • Means you weigh more than expected for your height and weight
          • You can be overweight but not overfat
            • Being overweight is not in itself harmful unless it is accompanied by also being overfat
              • some top performers will be overweight due to other factors, e.g. muscle girth and bone density
      • Anorexia nervosa
        • Very serious eating disorder
          • The body will lack all the nutrients supplied by a healthy balanced diet
            • this can result in: *fatigue *dizziness *dehydration *muscular atrophy *death
      • Underweight
        • Means not weighing as much as expected for your height and gender
        • Impact on physical activity
          • Anorexia nervosa
            • Very serious eating disorder
              • The body will lack all the nutrients supplied by a healthy balanced diet
                • this can result in: *fatigue *dizziness *dehydration *muscular atrophy *death
          • if you become to tired or weak to take part in physical activity your fitness and performance levels will clearly deteriorate

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