Mills Utilitarianism

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  • Mill Utilitarianism
    • Higher Pleasures
      • Intellectual, such as listening to classical music.
      • Can only be achieved once the lower pleasures are fulfilled.
    • Lower pleasures
      • Physical, e.g. eating and sleeping.
    • Believed Act utilitarianism was correct, but had irrefutable problems.
    • He prioritised the quality of pleasure of quantity.
      • Sadistic guards example.
      • This way people could not justify harming others for the sake of a lower pleasure.
    • Advantages
      • Maintains relativism while providing a stronger safe guard against immoral actions.
      • Prioritises intellectual pleasures, which encourages people to better themselves.
    • Disadvantages.
      • Does not consider the subjectivity of higher an lower pleasures
        • Some people may consider sex a higher priority than reading shakespeare.
        • Not everyone enjoys the same things.
      • Still fairly easily manipulated and can still allow immoral actions.
        • In order  print copies of Shakespeare's "Twelfth Night", trees are felled. Fewer trees results in further global warming.
  • Important Quotes.
    • "Better a human dissatisfied than a pig satisfied. Better Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied."
    • Mill Utilitarianism
      • Higher Pleasures
        • Intellectual, such as listening to classical music.
        • Can only be achieved once the lower pleasures are fulfilled.
      • Lower pleasures
        • Physical, e.g. eating and sleeping.
      • Believed Act utilitarianism was correct, but had irrefutable problems.
      • He prioritised the quality of pleasure of quantity.
        • Sadistic guards example.
        • This way people could not justify harming others for the sake of a lower pleasure.
      • Advantages
        • Maintains relativism while providing a stronger safe guard against immoral actions.
        • Prioritises intellectual pleasures, which encourages people to better themselves.
      • Disadvantages.
        • Does not consider the subjectivity of higher an lower pleasures
          • Some people may consider sex a higher priority than reading shakespeare.
          • Not everyone enjoys the same things.
        • Still fairly easily manipulated and can still allow immoral actions.
          • In order  print copies of Shakespeare's "Twelfth Night", trees are felled. Fewer trees results in further global warming.

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