Milgrams Study (1963)

Mindmap on Milgram's Study of obedience (1963). AS Level Psychology, Social Approach. 
Doesn't include his variations. You will need to know one of these.

e.g Not having an experimenter in the room and orders given over the phone gave 22.5% obedience to 450 Volts.

Good luck! 

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  • Milgram's Study (1963)
    • Aim
      • To test the idea that 'Germans were different' when they carried out orders to persecute the Jews.
      • How far would 'ordinary people' go if ordered to administer what they thought were electric shocks to someone else?
    • Procedure
      • 40 men volunteered from ad in local newspaper
      • Lab experiment
        • Yale University (respected)
      • One room contained a generator with levers from 15V to 400V (read 'mild' to 'danger'
        • Another room contained a chair, appearing to be 'wired up'
          • Confederate put in here
        • True participant put in here
          • Draw for who was put in the rooms was rigged
            • Confederate put in here
      • Participants were told the aim of the study was to investigate the effect of punishment on memory
      • 'Teacher' told to raise generator by 15V for each wrong answer. Occasional whimpers and heart complaints
        • 'Verbal prods' by experimenter
        • Participants tested separately
    • Results
      • 100% went up to 300V
      • 65% carried on until the end
      • Participants were very distressed and one had a seizure
    • Conclusions
      • An ordinary person will obey orders from an authoritative figure to an extreme extent even when they are uncomfortable about doing so
    • Issues
      • Participants were volunteers (bias sample)
      • Participants were decieved
      • Not given the right to withdraw fully (four verbal prods)
      • Experimenter was in the room (felt obliged and in safe hands)
      • Yale University= prestige. Participants would expect things to be under control.
    • Strengths and Weaknesses
      • Strength: Good controls avoid bias and situation was the same for all
        • Replicable and can be tested for reliabilty
      • Weakness: Unethical (see 'Issues')
      • Weakness: Lacks validity because of artificial procedures

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