Milgram's Study of Destructive Obedience (1963)

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  • Created by: Asma8901
  • Created on: 20-05-16 18:14
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  • Milgram's Study of Destructive Obedience (1963)
    • Background Context
      • Milgram is interested in destructive obedience.
      • He was from a Jewish family so was affected by Nazi Germany
    • Aim
      • To investigate how obedient people would be to orders from a person in authority that would result in pain and harm to another person.
        • More specifically, the aim was to see how large an electric shock participants would give to a helpless man when ordered to by a scientist in his own laboratory.
    • Participants
      • 40 Men aged 20 - 50 years
        • Self-Selected, Volunteer Sample
          • Promised $4.50 for their time and 50 cents for travel.
            • Recruited by means of a newspaper advertisement
              • All from the New Haven district of North America.
    • Procedure
      • Study took place at Yale University
        • When P's arrived, they were introduced to a man that the P believed is another P.
          • The two men were then briefed of the purpose of the experiment.
            • 'Investigating effect of punishment on learning'
            • The other man was working for Milgram. - 47 year old Irish American accountant
              • Helped in playing the 'learner'.
                • P's were told to administer shocks to the 'learner' whenever he got the answer wrong.
                  • Shocks went from 15v to 450v.
                    • Scientist in lab coat prodded P's to go on with study.
                      • Legitimate authority figure
    • Results
      • Average voltage given was 368v.
        • 100% of P's gave 300v or more.
          • 65% gave the full 450v.
            • Results from rating scale, average rating of 13.45 out of maximum of 14 on how painful the shocks were.
    • Conclusion
      • People find experience of receiving and obeying destructive orders highly stressful.
        • Obeyed in spite of emotional responses
          • The situation triggers a conflict between two deeply ingrained tendencies: to obey those in authority, and not to harm people.
            • Results supported the situational hypothesis rather than the dispositional hypothesis.
      • People are more obedient to destructive orders than we might expect.
  • Left Europe for America
    • Holocaust - Situation + Obedience
  • Average voltage given was 368v.
    • 100% of P's gave 300v or more.
      • 65% gave the full 450v.
        • Results from rating scale, average rating of 13.45 out of maximum of 14 on how painful the shocks were.

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