Milgram Study

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Volunteer sample
    • offered $4.50
    • MILGRAM STUDY
      • Aims
        • find out what extent people would obey a figure of authority
        • create baseline data
      • Procedures
        • "random" assignment of teacher and learner
        • Stooge ("Mr Wallace") learner and strapped into chair connected to shock generator
        • Teacher asks learner series of qu - when answer wrong gives a shock
          • shock increase by 15V each time
          • shocks were fake
          • 150V demands to be let out
          • 270V screams
          • Untitled
      • WHY?
        • understand Adolf Eichmann who was "just following orders"
        • challenge the "Germans-are-different" approach that set up after WW2
        • "Nazi in all of us"
      • if ppt stops then challenged with 4 prods
        • please continue
        • the experiment requires that you continue
        • it is absolutely essential that you continue
        • you have no other choice, you must go on
      • collected predictions first
        • psychiatrists, college sophomores, middle class adults, grad students, faculty of behavioural services
        • nearly all would disobey
          • 4% reach 300V
          • Untitled
      • Results
        • all obedient to 300V
        • 14 dropped out between 300V - 375V (35%)
        • 65% completely obedient
        • sweating, trembling, stuttering, trembling, groaning
        • 14 nervous laughter
      • Criticisms
        • volunteers had a sense of obligation
        • lack of informed consent - deception
        • harmful long term effects
        • prods question the right to withdraw
        • poor quality of debriefing
      • Validity, reliability and objectivity
        • high internal validity - did test if people obey
        • low external validity - demand characteristics and very unrealistic
        • high reliability - scripts and prods allow repetition
        • high objectivity - filming and recording of facts
      • Evaluation
        • all experiments standardised and controlled
        • quantitative and qualitative data
        • samples not representative
        • volunteer samples are more likely to be authoritarian
        • Gina Perry - some ppts didn't think they were in study
        • unrealistic
        • unethical - ppt anxiety may leave damaging effects, deception worry and right to withdraw
    • newspaper advert
      • for men aged 20-50
    • 40 ppts origionally

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Obedience resources »