Milgram (1963)

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  • Milgram (1963)
    • Participants
      • 40 Males between ages 20-50.
      • Newspaper advertisement
      • Believed it was a study of memory and learning.
      • Paid $4.50 for participation
    • Experimenter
      • High-school teacher, grey lab-coat and remained stern throughout.
    • Victim
      • 47-year old accountant.
    • Procedure
      • Drew slips to see who was the 'learner' - always rigged
      • 'learner' strapped in while participant watched.
      • 'They cause no permanent damage'
      • Word-pair tasks
      • 15 volts - 450 volts
      • Sample shock of 45 volts given to participant
      • Learner kicked wall after 300V and then gave no response.
      • Another kick at 315V and then no further answers
      • 'Please continue' 'It is essential that you continue'
    • Dependant Measures
      • Anyone who broke off before the end was 'defiant'
      • Someone who complied fully was 'obedient'
    • Results
      • Predicted
        • 14 students asked what they would expect people to do
        • All predicted only a small minority would go through with it.
      • Actual results
        • 65% went all the way to 450V
        • 35% Did not go all the way
          • 5 Participants would not go higher than 300V
    • Conclusions
      • The situation produced tendencies to obey
      • SItuation generates tension and emotional strain

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