Migration and Globalization: Immigration and Emigration

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  • Migration& Globalization: Immigration& Emigration
    • Globalization- Growing interconnectedness of societies across the world
      • Migration& Globalization- Big influence on worldwide migration patterns
    • PUSH& PULL FACTORS:
      • PUSH: Escaping poverty,lack of jobs, effects of wars,& political and religious prosecution
      • PULL: Better opportunities for jobs, higher standard of living, healthcare,education, religious freedrom
      • 2013- 2 pull reasons to UK= Work-related & for Formal study
      • 5% of immigrants are asylum seekers feeling prosecution
      • 2013- No. of emigrants were former immigrants from EU returning back to own country
    • EFFECTS OF GLOBALIZATION
      • 1. More immigration for EU
        • EU immigrant make up 38% of all immigrants
      • 2. More undocumented workers (illegally)
        • Growing influx of UDW, exploited by UK employment
      • 3.More asylum seekers
        • March 2014- 24,00 AS= Trying to escape prosectution
        • Perceived as large group of undeserving scroungers of benefits
          • Only make up 5% of migrants, banned from working, zero gov support
      • 4. Greater cultural diversity- "HYBRID FAMILIES"
      • 5. Changing of families
        • Migrants from Eastern Europe= Larger family-contributed to "baby boom" 2000
        • Chambers (2012)- Globalization =More global family networks, Migrants try maintain relationships
          • Globalization-  "purchase of intimacy"- Criminal trade in trafficking of women
            • 2010- 17,000 of 30,000 women involved with prostitution were migrants
    • THE PATTERN OF MIGRATION 1900-2000- 2 PEAKS
      • 1930's UP UNTIL 1945-  Refugees fled to UK, Escape effects of Nazi occupation& persution
      • 1950's and 1960's New Commonwealth= immigration encouraged by British gov , sent recruiting  to solve labour shortages , poorly paid occupation= MADE UK AN ETHICALLY DIVERSE COUNTRY
    • PATTERN OF MIGRATION 2000S ONWARDS
      • Since 2004-7 NM has fluctuated between 180,000& 250,00
    • IMPACT OF MIGRATION SINCE 2001
      • Every European citizen has the right to work anywhere in UK
        • Immigration particularly from poorer countries of EU has become political issue since 2001
      • Growing fear of immigrants- Led to success of anti-immigrant parties- UKIP
        • Different values, weakening of national culture& identity
        • BUT: migrant wroker- key contributions

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