migration in the UK

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  • migration in the UK
    • there was a lot of regional movement in the early 1800's due to the industrial revolution which created jobs.
    • it moved from primary industry to secondary due to the ind rev.
    • urbanisation - rural to urban movement for jobs
    • 1900's the north and west started to move to the south and east
      • primary and secondary started to decline in the north and west
      • tertiary and quaternary in the south and east increased
    • primary = agriculture. secondary = manufacturing and development
    • tertiary = market trade and selling. quaternary = services
    • if people are in demand, pay will increase
    • if jobs are in demand pay will decrease
    • lots of low skilled workers moved into large urban settlements on the coal fields of northern England, central Scotland and south wales
    • lots of workers in heavy engineering industry and ship building in urban areas, moved to rivers and coasts
    • the shift towards the south - 1920's
      • southern areas = prosperous jobs, higher pay, higher skills, mass transport system and links, higher birth rates in northern cities
      • more potential job seekers, high worker:job ratio, decline in  the farming workforce
      • decline in industries that thrived during the industrial revolution
      • exhaustion of raw materials - south found coal and iron ore
      • educated people were in demand in the south - tertiary and quaternary


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