migration

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  • Migration
    • Defination: it refers to the movement of people from place to place. It can be internal, within a society or international.
      • Immigration = refers to movement into a society.
        • From 1900 till 1945 the largest immigrant group was the irish, mainly for economic reasons, followed by eastern and central european jews, who were often refugees fleeing persecution, and people of british descent from canada and the usa. very few immigrants were non white.
        • Untitled
      • Emigration = refers to movement out
        • From as early as the mid-16th century until the 1980's, the uk was almost always a net exporter of people : more emigrated to live elsewhere than settle in the Uk. Since 1900, emigrants have gone to Usa, Canada, Austrailia, Nz and south africa.
          • The main reasons for emigration have been econnomic:
            • Push Factor such as economic reasons and unemployment at home
            • Pull factors such as higher wages or better opportunities abroad.
      • Net imigration = its the difference between the numbers of immigrants and the number of emigrants, and is expressed as a net increase or a net decrease due to migration.

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