Methodology PA

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  • Created by: Livbrown
  • Created on: 26-04-15 10:36
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  • Methodology PD Approach
    • (1) Intro
      • the PA is idiographic and studies individuals focusing on what makes us  unique
        • This links to the key methods of the approach
          • Case studies
          • clinical interviews
    • Case Studies
      • Case studies use a range of sources
      • a Clincal case study is an in-depth study of a person in therapy
        • and tends to include the age, sex, and background of the client,
          • symptoms and the circumstances they apprea
            • Treatment and an assessment of the clients state following thearpy
      • the PA uses retrospective CS such as Anna O
        • where the client is required to recall information from the past
      • A well known case study is that of Little Hans
        • who was phobia of horses was caused by  repressed memories
        • therefore fitting in with the assumptions of the PA
          • who was phobia of horses was caused by  repressed memories
    • (3) S&W
      • However retrospective CS are often open to distortions client may have forgotten import ant details
      • Also case studies are time consuming and difficult to analyse, due to the vast amount of data.
      • however on a positive note, due to the range of sources used, CS provide rich qual data leading to a greater understanding of an individuals behaviour
        • therefore increasing the validity
      • in addition to this CS may be the only way to gain information on a condition if it is uncommon
      • However Freuds CS as based on MC viennese women
        • therefore they are not representative
    • Untitled
    • (4)Clinical interviews
      • CI are conducted individually and face-to-face
        • they involve asking questions to the client to probe into their past
          • there are a number of predetermined questions which are asked in a particular order
            • these tend to be followed by spontaneous questioning to gain a richer insight
              • they involve asking questions to the client to probe into their past
                • there are a number of predetermined questions which are asked in a particular order
                  • these tend to be followed by spontaneous questioning to gain a richer insight
                    • Free Association is an example of CI
              • Free Association is an example of CI
    • (5)  S&W (CI)
      • they provide rich qual data in a shorter amount of time then compared to  CS
        • therefore more data can be gained from more individuals
      • therefore more data can be gained from more individuals
      • However interviewees may give socially desirable answers as they are in the same room as the interviewer so they may not feel like they are able to tell the truth
      • on the other hand it could be argue that CI facilitate communication as they are more personal then other methods
      • a further weaknesses that CI are difficult to replicate due to the use of spontaneous questions

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