Meta-Ethics Mindmap

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  • Created by: Rhianna
  • Created on: 17-05-13 16:24
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  • Meta-Ethics
  • Cognitivism
    • Non-Cognitivism
    • Intuitionism
    • Ethical Naturalism
      • factual can be proved true or false.
      • look at the evidence to see whether true or false.
      • e.g. euthanasia
    • Theory that we can have ethical knowledge
    • Ethical statements are about facts
  • Ethical Naturalism
    • factual can be proved true or false.
    • look at the evidence to see whether true or false.
    • e.g. euthanasia
  • A.J. Ayer
    • Ethical statements do not only express feeling but 'arouse feeling and so to stimulate action.'
    • Analytic
    • Ethical statements not verifiable.
  • Theory that we can have ethical knowledge
  • Ethical statements are about facts
  • Ethical statements can be proved true or false
    • Cognitivism
      • Non-Cognitivism
      • Intuitionism
  • Look at evidence
    • Saying that moral statements can be verified or falsified.
    • Open question technique
      • G.E.MOORE
        • Criticisms. :(
          • Naturalistic fallacy
            • Saying that moral statements can be verified or falsified.
            • Attempt to identify goodness with a natural property is a mistake.
      • We use our 'moral intuition' to see whether something is good.
        • Not senses.
        • Moore
          • Goodness cannot be defined.
          • We recognise good when we see it.
          • Compares good to yellow.
      • Two types of thinking
        • reason
          • intuition
            • Show which particular action is right and where moral obligation lies.
        • Prichard
        • Some have developed their moral thinking further than others.
          • Morals are different
            • Prichard
          • Prima facie duties
            • Certain duties we recognise in any situation
            • Duties of gratitude
            • When these conflict we have to choose which we think is right
              • Criticisms
                • How can we be sure our intuitions are correct?
                  • People come to different conclusions.
                • Moore does not conclusively prove that we intuitively know what good is
                  • He just asserts it.
            • W.D. Ross
            • Moore does not conclusively prove that we intuitively know what good is
              • He just asserts it.
            • Intuitions seem to come from social and cultural backgrounds so how can these be a reliable guide to objective truths?
              • Criticisms
                • How can we be sure our intuitions are correct?
                  • People come to different conclusions.
            • Ethical statements are not the kind of statements that can be true or false.
              • No ethical knowledge
                • A.J. Ayer
                  • Ethical statements do not only express feeling but 'arouse feeling and so to stimulate action.'
                  • Analytic
                  • Ethical statements not verifiable.
            • Statements of approval or disapproval
              • 'Good' 'bad'
              • emotive and descriptive
                • Emotive meaning of words.
                  • C.L. Stevenson
                    • Not only venting feelings but trying to influence others.
              • Judgements appeal to reason, not just expressions of feeling.
                • Rachels
                  • Criticisms
                    • Emotivism
                      • C.L. Stevenson
                        • Not only venting feelings but trying to influence others.
              • Moral because they are universal.
                • Say what ought to be done.
                  • Hare
                    • Prescriptivism
                      • Emotivism
                      • I'm not going to do 'x' and I don't think you ought to either.
                        • Achieve consistency.
                          • Hare
                            • Prescriptivism
                              • I'm not going to do 'x' and I don't think you ought to either.
                                • Achieve consistency.
                                • We are saying something is wrong because we would not prescribe it for ourselves.
                          • We are saying something is wrong because we would not prescribe it for ourselves.

                    Comments

                    oncetwicwthrice

                    I there any way I can print this out and still beable to see the text as the text is ver very small?

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