Strategies for Memory Improvement

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  • Created by: gabbyb98
  • Created on: 15-03-15 11:37
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  • Memory Improvement
    • Mnemonic Techniques
      • Verbal
        • acronym,
        • acrostic
        • rhymes
        • chunking
      • Visual imagery
        • method of loci
        • keyword method (Atkinson and Raugh, 1975)
        • spider diagrams
        • mind maps
    • Research Evidence
      • Verbal mnemonics - popular with students; effective in children with learning disabilities (Glidden et al., 1983)
      • Visual imagery mnemonics - method of loci useful for older adults (O'Hara et al., 2007)
    • Explaining How They Work
      • Organisation - creating memory hooks and organising material (Bower et al., 1969)
      • Elaborative rehearsal - amount and nature of rehearsalled
      • Dual coding hypothesis - Paivio (1971)
    • Applications
      • Mnemonics used to overcome STM deficits in Down Syndrome children (Broadly and MacDonald, 1993)
    • Limitations
      • Most research in laboratory conditions rather than real-life conditions

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