Memory

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  • Memory
    • Duration
      • LTM unlimited
        • Bahrick et al 1975
          • Recall was still 70% accurate after 48 years.
      • STM measured in seconds
        • Peterson and Peterson
          • STM lasts for as long as 18 seconds.
    • Capacity
      • LTM unlimited
        • Kim Peek
      • STM is less than 7 chunks.
        • Miller 1956
          • 7 plus or minus 2, chunking.
    • Encoding
      • LTM semantic
        • Baddeley 1966a & 1966b
          • Acoustic similarity decreases STM recall
          • Semantic similarity decreases LTM recall
      • STM acoustic or visual
        • Baddeley 1966a & 1966b
          • Acoustic similarity decreases STM recall
          • Semantic similarity decreases LTM recall
    • The multi store model
      • Atkinson and Shiffrin 1968
        • Structure
          • Sensory memory
          • STM
            • STM acoustic or visual
              • STM measured in seconds
                • Peterson and Peterson
                  • STM lasts for as long as 18 seconds.
              • STM is less than 7 chunks.
                • Miller 1956
                  • 7 plus or minus 2, chunking.
            • LTM
              • LTM semantic
                • LTM unlimited
                  • Bahrick et al 1975
                    • Recall was still 70% accurate after 48 years.
                • LTM unlimited
                  • Kim Peek
            • Processes
              • Attention and rehearsal
        • The working memory model
          • Baddeley and Hitch 1974
            • Central executive
            • Phonological loop
            • Visuo-spatial sketchpad
            • Episodic buffer
        • Strategies for memory improvement
          • mnemonic techniques
            • verbal
            • visual imagery
            • how?
              • organisation
              • elaborate rehearsal
              • dual coding
      • Eyewitness testimony
        • Memory
          • Duration
            • Capacity
              • Encoding
                • The multi store model
                  • Atkinson and Shiffrin 1968
                    • Structure
                      • Sensory memory
                      • STM
                        • LTM
                        • Processes
                          • Attention and rehearsal
                    • The working memory model
                      • Baddeley and Hitch 1974
                        • Central executive
                        • Phonological loop
                        • Visuo-spatial sketchpad
                        • Episodic buffer
                    • Strategies for memory improvement
                      • mnemonic techniques
                        • verbal
                        • visual imagery
                        • how?
                          • organisation
                          • elaborate rehearsal
                          • dual coding
                  • Accuracy of EWT
                    • Loftus and Palmer
                      • leading questions result in inaccurate recall
                        • Misleading information
                          • Loftus and Palmer
                            • leading questions result in inaccurate recall
                              • Misleading information
                    • Factors that influence accuracy
                      • Anxiety
                        • Deffenbacher et al
                          • meta-analysis showed anxiety reduced accuracy of EWT
                      • Age of witness
                        • Memon et al
                          • older the less accurate when delay was one week
                    • Cognitive interview
                      • Kohnken et al
                        • meta-analysis showed 34% increase in correct recall

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