Memory

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  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 09-05-13 10:07
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  • Memory
    • Features
      • Capacity
        • STM has a capacity of 7+- 2 chunks (Miller)
        • LTM has a potentially unlimited capacity
      • Duration
        • STM has a duration of a couple of seconds (Peterson and Peterson)
        • LTM has a potentially unlimited duration (Bahrick et al)
      • Encoding
        • Baddeley
          • STM is visual or acoustic
          • LTM encodes semantically
    • The Multi Store Model
      • Structure
        • SMS-STM-LTM
        • Atkinson and Schiffrin
        • Attention and maintenance rehearsal
      • Strengths
        • Serial position effect
        • Hippocampal damage
        • Evidence
      • Weaknesses
        • Oversimplified
        • Unitary stores
    • The Working Memory Model
      • Structure
        • Central Executive
        • Phonological loop
        • Visuo-spatial sketchpad
        • Baddeley and Hitch
      • Strengths
        • Evidence for slave systems
        • Explains 2 tasks
        • PET scans
        • Active process
      • Weaknesses
        • We do not know much about the CE
          • Capacity
          • Unitary?
          • Uncompleted?
    • Eye Witness Testimony
      • Effects of age
        • Parker and Carranza
        • Memon et al
        • Yarmey
      • Effects of anxiety
        • Deffenbacher
        • Christianson and Hubinette
        • Weapon Focus Effect
      • Effects of misleading questions
        • Loftus and Palmer
      • Cognitive Interview
    • Memory Improvement
      • Strategies
        • Verbal mnemonics
          • acronyms/rhymes/chunking
        • Visual mnemonics
          • method of loci
      • Evidence
        • O'Hara: method of loci effective for adults
        • Verbal: Glidden et al kids

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