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  • Created by: z_mills1
  • Created on: 27-05-14 15:45
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  • Memory
    • Short-term sensory store
      • all information coming in from the environment can be stored here
      • large capacity, but info only lasts up to half a second
      • if information is not immediately attended to then it is lost
      • selective attention takes place in STSS
        • if info is considered useful it will be encoded
    • Short-term memory
      • only info that is attended to is moved from STSS to STM
      • info can be stored for up to 60 seconds but capacity is limited to 5-9 items
        • 'chunking' helps - idea of storing groups of items as single pieces of info
      • STM is very important when learning motor skills
        • you need to be able to recall info about a performance for comparison to a previous performance
      • DCR process occurs in STM
      • instructions to learners should be; brief, to the point, given when learner is paying attention
    • Long-term memory
      • LTM is a store of well-learned past experiences
      • unlimited capacity and info can be stored for many years
      • info held in LTM is used to compare against new experiences
      • retention and retrieval of info from LTM is influenced by:
        • rehearsal - the more a memory is rehearsed, the more likely it will be remembered
        • meaningfulness - the more meaningful a memory is the more likely it is to be remembered
        • speed of learning - the quicker a process is learned, the more likely it is to be remembered
        • overlearning - the more a skill is practised, the better it will be remebered


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