Memory Overview

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  • Created by: elliie_
  • Created on: 08-03-14 15:08
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  • Memory
    • Models
      • Multi-Store Model
        • One way (Linear) flow of information
        • STM
          • Encoding mainly acoustic
          • Capacity - very limited 7+/- 2
          • Duration - about 20 seconds
        • LTM
          • Encoding mainly semantic
          • Capacity - unlimited
          • Duration - up to a lifetime
        • Evaluation
          • POSITIVE
            • Support from clinical case studies and lab experiment
          • NEGATIVE
            • Too simplistic - stores not unitary and information flow not linear
      • Working Memory Model
        • Evidence to support existence of visuo-spatial and phonological loop
        • NEGATIVE
          • Capacity of central not quantified
          • No clear explanation of how the central executive works
        • POSITIVE
          • Demonstrates that STM has more than one component
          • Explains how we can carry out more than one cognitive task at a time
    • Inaccurate EWT
      • Anxiety of witness in lab studies
      • Schemas
      • Age
        • Children give less complete testimony
        • Children more susceptible to misleading information
      • Misleading information
        • Distorts memory for witnessed event
        • Is original memory diluted or obscured?
      • Leading questions - subtle effects
    • Accurate EWT
      • Anxiety of witness in real-life situations
      • Serious consequences of testimony
      • Blatantly inaccurate misinformation
      • Cognitive Interviews
        • recreate context
        • report all details
        • recall events in different order
        • change perspective

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